Archiv: Reagan Administration


07.05.2021 - 19:28 [ Amerika21.de ]

Das Massaker von El Mozote in El Salvador: US-Militärberater war dabei

Das Massaker von El Mozote, bei dem salvadorianische Streitkräfte zwischen dem 10. und 12. Dezember 1981 etwa 1.000 Frauen, Kinder und Betagte bestialisch ermordeten, ist bis heute nicht vollständig aufgeklärt. Es ist eine der schlimmsten Menschenrechtsverletzungen in der Zeit des bewaffneten Konfliktes (1980-1992) und steht stellvertretend für die Straflosigkeit, die noch heute für die Menschenrechtsverbrechen in dieser Zeit gilt. Erst ein Urteil des Interamerikanischen Gerichtshofs für Menschenrechte im Jahr 2012 und die Abschaffung des Amnestiegesetzes 2016 ebneten den Weg für erste gerichtliche Schritte, um die Täter zu ermitteln. Seither läuft ein Verfahren zur Beweisaufnahme, geleitet von Richter Jorge Guzmán. Angeklagt sind 16 Mitglieder des Batallions Atlacatl, ein salvadorianisches Elitebataillon, das in der US-Militärbasis von Fort Benning, Georgia, in Aufstandsbekämpfungstaktiken ausgebildet wurde.

21.08.2020 - 16:39 [ Forbes ]

Over 70 Republican National Security Officials Endorse Biden, Deem Trump ‘Dangerously Unfit’ For President

Among the statement’s signees are officials who served under Presidents Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, George W. Bush and Donald Trump, some of whom have served in the country’s top defense and intelligence roles.

Former CIA head General Michael Hayden, former FBI and CIA chief William Webster, former National Intelligence director Michael Leiter and former Air Force secretary Mike Donley are among the officials now siding with Biden.

21.08.2020 - 14:08 [ Baltimore Sun ]

When a wave of torture and murder staggered a small U.S. ally, truth was a casualty.

(Jun 11, 1995)

* The CIA was instrumental in training and equipping Battalion 316. Members were flown to a secret location in the United States for training in surveillance and interrogation, and later were given CIA training at Honduran bases.

* Starting in 1981, the United States secretly provided funds for Argentine counterinsurgency experts to train anti-Communist forces in Honduras. By that time, Argentina was notorious for its own „Dirty War,“ which had left at least 10,000 dead or „disappeared“ in the 1970s. Argentine and CIA instructors worked side by side training Battalion 316 members at a camp in Lepaterique, a town about 16 miles west of Tegucigalpa.

* Gen. Gustavo Alvarez Martinez, who as chief of the Honduran armed forces personally directed Battalion 316, received strong U.S. support – even after he told a U.S. ambassador that he intended to use the Argentine method of eliminating subversives.

* By 1983, when Alvarez’s oppressive methods were well known to the U.S. Embassy, the Reagan administration awarded him the Legion of Merit for „encouraging the success of democratic processes in Honduras.“ His friendship with Donald Winters, the CIA station chief in Honduras, was so close that when Winters adopted a child, he asked Alvarez to be the girl’s godfather.

21.08.2020 - 13:53 [ theHill.com ]

Negroponte endorses Biden: He beats Trump on ‚character, compassion and life experience‘

John Negroponte, who served as director of national intelligence under former President George W. Bush, endorsed former Vice President Joe Biden in his race against President Trump on Thursday in an interview with the Daily Beast.

“All roads lead to Trump in a way,” Negroponte told the website. “I’m just not sure the country can withstand another four years of the presidency with a man who has shown such disregard to the office.”

06.08.2020 - 21:24 [ ORF.at ]

US-Sondergesandter für den Iran tritt zurück

Nach einer kurzen Übergangszeit soll der Sondergesandte für Venezuela, Elliott Abrams, Hooks Aufgaben zusätzlich übernehmen, hieß es weiter.

28.03.2020 - 08:55 [ Radio Utopie ]

„Executive Order“: Geheime Macht einer imperialen Präsidentschaft

(1. September 2014)

Das „Signing Statement“: Eine Aufhebung der Gewaltenteilung

Die Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten nehmen sich nicht nur die Jahrhunderte lang unhinterfragte Macht der Gewohnheit in Form von „Executive Orders“ in all ihren Varianten heraus, sondern auch noch das virtuelle Recht, vom Kongress beschlossene Gesetze ganz oder teilweise faktisch zu ignorieren, ohne ihr (verfassungsmäßiges) Veto einzulegen.

Dazu benutzen die Präsidenten seit Ronald Reagan eine bis dahin für zeremonielle Zwecke benutzte Prozedur, das „Signing Statement“, eine Erklärung des Präsidenten bei der Unterschrift von Gesetzen.

Laut Artikel 1 Sektion 7 der Constitution muss der verfassungsmäßige Gesetzgeber, der Kongress, jedes seiner Gesetze zuerst dem Präsidenten vorlegen. Dieser kann es dann entweder unterschreiben und so in Kraft setzen, oder es ablehnen zu unterschreiben (sein „Veto“ einlegen“) und an den Kongress zurückverweisen.

In diesem Falle aber hat der Kongress und seine beiden Kammern, Repräsentantenhaus und Senat, die Möglichkeit, das gleiche Gesetz noch einmal mit Zweidrittelmehrheit zu beschließen und es ohne Unterschrift des Präsidenten sofort in Kraft zu setzen, also den Präsidenten zu überstimmen. Im Falle des Falles für jede Demokratie eine wichtige Option.

Die nun seit der Reagan-Präsidentschaft – mit ex-C.I.A.-Direktor George Bush Senior als Vizepräsidenten, sowie einer ganzen Reihe von aufgestiegenen Neocons und „demokratischen Revolutionären“ (Michael Ledeen) in der Präsidialverwaltung des Weißen Hauses und seinen Behörden – von allen Präsidenten angewandte Taktik mit „Signing Statements“ unliebsame Gesetze vollständig lahmzulegen und zu sabotieren, funktioniert nun wie folgt:

Der Präsident unterschreibt zwar das Gesetz, erklärt aber gleichzeitig in einem „Signing Statement“, wie, ob und welche Teile des Gesetzes er durch seine ausführenden Behörden, also die Exekutive, umzusetzen gedenke; und dies obwohl eine teilweise Inkraftsetzung von Gesetzen bereits 1998 durch den Obersten Gerichtshof für verfassungswidrig erklärt wurde.

Durch diese perfide Taktik nimmt der Präsident zudem dem Kongress die Möglichkeit das Gesetz mit Zweidrittelmehrheit zu beschließen und so den Präsidenten verfassungsgemäß zu umgehen.

Am 24. Juni 2006 schließlich stellte eine Arbeitsgruppe der American Bar Association, in der fast die Hälfte aller Rechtsanwälte in den U.S.A. Mitglied sind, in einer Erklärung fest, dass „Signing Statements“ des Präsidenten in der Verfassung nicht einmal erwähnt werden und dass

„Präsident Bushs Signing Statements in Verletzung der wichtigen Doktrin der Teilung von Macht erfolgen und diese unterminieren.“

Des Weiteren erklärte die Arbeitsgruppe der American Bar Association, dass ihre Erläuterungen

„die Bedeutung der Doktrin der Teilung von Macht unterstreichen sollen und daher einen Aufruf an den Präsidenten und all seine Nachfolger repräsentieren, die Rechtstaatlichkeit („rule of law“) und unser Verfassungssystem der Teilung von Macht und Gewaltenteilung („checks and balances“) vollständig zu respektieren.“

Natürlich folgten weder der Präsident George Bush Junior, noch der Präsident Barack Obama irgendeinem „Aufruf“. Alles ging munter weiter wie bisher, bis heute.

Nur die Zahl der „Signing Statements“ schrumpfte unter der Obama-Präsidentschaft ein wenig. Was für ein gütiger Cäsar.

28.03.2020 - 08:41 [ Wikipedia ]

Signing statement

The Supreme Court has not squarely addressed the limits of signing statements.

28.11.2019 - 17:45 [ Democracy Now! / Youtube ]

Operation Condor Trial Tackles Coordinated Campaign By Latin American Dictatorships To Kill Leftists

(07.03.2013)

A historic trial underway in Argentina is set to reveal new details about how Latin American countries coordinated with each other in the 1970s and ’80s to eliminate political dissidents. The campaign known as „Operation Condor“ involved military dictatorships in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay. They worked together to track down, kidnap and kill people they labeled as terrorists: leftist activists, labor organizers, students, priests, journalists, guerilla fighters and their families. The campaign was launched by the Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, and evidence shows the CIA and former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger were complicit from its outset.

05.10.2019 - 13:09 [ New York Times ]

THE PARDONS; BUSH PARDONS 6 IN IRAN AFFAIR, ABORTING A WEINBERGER TRIAL; PROSECUTOR ASSAILS ‚COVER-UP‘

(25. Dezember 1992)

Mr. Weinberger was scheduled to stand trial on Jan. 5 on charges that he lied to Congress about his knowledge of the arms sales to Iran and efforts by other countries to help underwrite the Nicaraguan rebels, a case that was expected to focus on Mr. Weinberger’s private notes that contain references to Mr. Bush’s endorsement of the secret shipments to Iran.

05.10.2019 - 13:01 [ NPR.org ]

William Barr Supported Pardons In An Earlier D.C. ‚Witch Hunt‘: Iran-Contra

(14.01.2019)

Barr, who is scheduled to go before the Senate Judiciary Committee on Tuesday for his confirmation hearings, ran the Justice Department once before, under President George H.W. Bush.

Back then, the all-consuming, years-long scandal was called Iran-Contra. On Dec. 24, 1992, it ended when Bush pardoned six people who had been caught up in it.

„The Constitution is quite clear on the powers of the president and sometimes the president has to make a very difficult call,“ Bush said then. „That’s what I’ve done.“

13.02.2019 - 23:44 [ C-SPAN / Youtube ]

Word for Word: Excange between Rep. Ilhan Omar and Elliott Abrams (C-SPAN)

Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN) has a heated exchange with Elliot Abrams, the U.S. special envoy to Venezuela, highlighting his role in the Iran-Contra affair. She says, „I fail to understand why members of this committee or the American people should find any testimony you give today to be truthful.“ The exchange came during a House Foreign Affairs Committee hearing.

13.02.2019 - 23:43 [ Brown.edu ]

Indictments and Pleas: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA v. ELLIOTT ABRAMS, Defendant.

(7. Oktober 1991) From July 1985 through 1988, ELLIOTT ABRAMS was Assistant Secretary of State and headed the United States Department of State’s Bureau of Inter-American Affairs.

As Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs, MR. ABRAMS chaired a Restricted Interagency Group („RIG“) comprised of, among others, representatives of the United States Department of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Central Intelligence Agency („CIA“), the National Security Council („NSC* 1 ), and the Department of State. During 1985 and 1986, the RIG met regularly to coordinate the activities of these agencies in Central America.

13.02.2019 - 23:33 [ New York Times ]

Elliott Abrams Admits His Guilt On 2 Counts in Contra Cover-Up

(8. Oktober 1991) As the State Department’s point man on Latin America, Mr. Abrams headed the Restricted Interagency Group, a panel that coordinated the Administration’s Central America policy among officials at the White House, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Pentagon.

Other members included Mr. North, the Marine Corps lieutenant colonel and White House aide who managed the day-to-day operations of secretly aiding the Nicaraguan rebels, and Alan D. Fiers Jr., who supervised Central Intelligence Agency activities in Central America.

In this capacity, Mr. Abrams operated as a high-visibility figure who seemed to relish his combative public role in defending Administration policy in Central America, while at the same time working closely with officials who were engaged in secret efforts to supply the rebels with arms after Congress barred direct military assistance in late 1984.

13.02.2019 - 23:16 [ Omar Moore ‏/ Twitter ]

U.S. congresswoman @IlhanMN and convicted (then pardoned) Iran-Contra felon Elliott Abrams in an exchange marked by Abrams’ disrespectful interruption of Rep. Omar’s statement. Reclaiming her time!

13.02.2019 - 23:15 [ theHill.com ]

Omar, Trump envoy Elliott Abrams clash in fiery exchange

Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.) engaged in a testy back and forth on Wednesday with special envoy to Venezuela Elliott Abrams, accusing the diplomat of being a liar and pressing him on his involvement in the Iran-Contra affair and killings in Central America during the Reagan administration.

25.01.2019 - 19:13 [ LRB.co.uk ]

The Vice President’s Men

The one member of Congress who knew what was going on was Dick Cheney, a close friend and confidant of Bush’s from their days together in the Ford administration. In 1976, in the aftermath of the Church Committee’s inquiry into CIA abuses, standing intelligence committees had been set up in both the Senate and the House, charged with holding the CIA and other intelligence agencies to account. But it was understood by all those involved in the vice president’s secret team that these committees could be bypassed, even though the laws governing covert intelligence activities had been stiffened: there was now a legal requirement that all covert CIA and military intelligence operations had to be made known to the committees through a formal, written document known as a ‘finding’. But there was a big loophole in the legislation, in the view of the vice president’s men. ‘There was no requirement for a finding for merely asking questions,’ the officer said, ‘and so we’d make routine requests for intelligence assessments from the CIA through the Joint Chiefs and the National Security Council. Our basic philosophy was that we were running military’ – not intelligence – ‘operations and therefore did not have to brief Congress. So we could legally operate without a finding.’ He was describing an ingenious procedure for getting around the law: one that would be put into use again after 9/11, when Cheney, by then vice president, triggered the unending war on terror.

25.01.2019 - 18:33 [ Fefes Blog ]

Seymour Hersh ist zurück. Diesmal über die Reagan-Zeit.

Er erzählt, wie George H.W. Bush damals einen neuen Militärgeheimdienst einrichtete, um auf die Ressourcen der CIA zugreifen zu können, aber die CIA selber zu umgehen…

15.09.2018 - 16:24 [ libcom.org ]

Lies, slaughter, capital: The 2011 NATO intervention in Libya, part two

(13.1.2014) By 1981, the country that was picked for this purpose by the National Security Council (NSC) was Libya. Libya was an OPEC country with few powerful connections, lots of nearby enemies, and a small population. In short, the perfect target. Once Libya was chosen by a few higher ups in the NSC, what was needed was to get the president, Ronald Reagan, on board. Seymour Hersh details in his New York Times report, Target Gaddafi, how the NSC and the CIA quickly accomplished this goal. “’It was clear early in the Administration,‘ one former White House aide recalls, ‚that the best way to get the President’s attention was through visual means.’” This led to the creation of a 15 minute long video, “to show the nature of the beast. If you saw it, there’s little doubt that [Gaddafi] had to go.” Once the president was on their side, the NSC, in cooperation with the CIA, began to leak reports endorsed by Reagan that Libyan hit squads were roaming the United States, planning assassinations on diplomats and even the president.

“One involved official recalls, ‘we came out with this big terrorist threat to the U.S. Government. The whole thing was a complete fabrication.’”

24.05.2018 - 19:57 [ New York Times ]

Meet the Members of the ‘Shadow N.S.C.’ Advising John Bolton

One of Mr. Bolton’s longtime associates, Charles M. Kupperman, a former Reagan administration official and defense contracting executive, has taken a temporary leadership post on the National Security Council, while at least three others — Frederick H. Fleitz, Sarah Tinsley and David Wurmser — are believed to be under consideration for posts.

Mr. Bolton’s relationships with most of the associates date back decades, to his days working in positions related to foreign policy in the Reagan administration.