Archiv: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA)


18.12.2019 - 15:55 [ Wikipedia ]

Church Committee

Vor dem Hintergrund des zunehmend unpopulärer werdenden Vietnamkrieges erregten mehrere einzelne Veröffentlichungen über geheime Aktivitäten der US-Regierung ab Anfang der 1970er Jahre ein wachsendes Interesse von Öffentlichkeit und US-Kongress.

– Januar 1970: Der Ex-Soldat Christopher Pyle enthüllt, dass die US-Army im eigenen Land Anti-Kriegsproteste und -aktivisten überwacht. Mitte des Jahres beginnt der Senat mit ersten Ermittlungen unter Sam Ervin.

– Ende März 1971: Die Washington Post und die New York Times berichten über illegale Programme des FBI, Überwachung und Zersetzung gegenüber Bürgerrechtsgruppen. Später wird bekannt, dass die Programme unter dem Namen COINTELPRO bereits seit 1956 liefen. Die Berichterstattung erfolgte auf Basis von Dokumenten, die durch die Citizens’ Commission to Investigate the FBI entwendet und an die Presse weitergeleitet wurden.

– Juni 1971: Die New York Times veröffentlicht trotz massiven Drucks der Regierung die sogenannten „Pentagon Papers“ über das langjährige und geheime politische und militärische Engagement der USA in Vietnam schon vor und während des Beginns des Vietnamkriegs.

– 1972: Eine Serie zunächst kleiner Artikel der Journalisten Bob Woodward und Carl Bernstein in der Washington Post enthüllt die Hintergründe eines Einbruchs in das Hauptquartier der Demokratischen Partei im „Watergate-Hotel“. Erst der Prozess gegen die Einbrecher im Januar 1973 legt die Hintergründe der Watergate-Affäre offen und löst massive Senatsermittlungen aus, geleitet wieder von Sam Ervin. Im August 1974 tritt US-Präsident Richard Nixon unter der Last der Vorwürfe zurück, nachdem ein Amtsenthebungsverfahren gegen ihn eingeleitet wurde.

– Dezember 1974: Der Journalist Seymour Hersh enthüllt in einer Serie der NYT die „Familienjuwelen“ der CIA, geheime Operationen zur Ermordung ausländischer Staatschefs und Putsche. Er erwähnt zudem massive Überwachungsoperationen der CIA gegen politische Gegner des Vietnamkrieges in den USA unter dem Codenamen Operation CHAOS.

Die USA hatten zu dieser Zeit keine ausreichende Erfahrung mit der Kontrolle ihrer erst im Zweiten Weltkrieg aufgebauten und seitdem nur ad hoc strukturierten Nachrichtendienste.

(…)

Die Ermittlungen ergaben auch, dass verschiedene Abgeordnete der beiden Kammern über einzelne Operationen informiert worden waren. Es fehlte aber an einer Koordination und klaren Verantwortlichkeiten, so dass die einzelnen Abgeordneten es vorzogen, in eine andere Richtung zu schauen.

Unter dem Druck der Veröffentlichungen erließ Präsident Gerald Ford die Executive Order 11905, ein verbindliches Verbot an alle US-Regierungsstellen und deren ausführenden Organe, ausländische Staatschefs gezielt zu töten oder derartige Operationen zu planen.

Aus dem Church Committee gingen die ständigen Ausschüsse zur Kontrolle der Nachrichtendienste im US-Senat (Select Committee on Intelligence) und im Repräsentantenhaus (United States House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence) hervor. Außerdem legte der Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act von 1978 fest, nach welchen Regeln die CIA im Ausland operieren darf und dass die Dienste für die Überwachung von amerikanischen Staatsbürgern die Genehmigung des neu eingerichteten FISC-Gerichtes bedürfen.

18.12.2019 - 15:38 [ Wikipedia ]

United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court

Das United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC, Gericht der Vereinigten Staaten betreffend die Überwachung der Auslandsgeheimdienste) ist ein 1978 geschaffenes Bundesgericht der USA, das die Überwachungsaktionen der nationalen Auslandsgeheimdienste regeln soll. Das FISC besteht auf der Grundlage von 50 U.S.C. § 1861(c)(2)(C) im Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA, „Gesetz zur Überwachung in der Auslandsaufklärung“). Sowohl das FISA als auch das FISC entstanden infolge der Empfehlungen des Church Committees, das die teils illegalen Aktivitäten von FBI, CIA und NSA untersucht hatte.

(…)

Der Vorsitzende Richter des FISC gab als Reaktion auf Medienberichte zu, dass das Gericht keine Möglichkeit hätte, die Nachrichtendienste selbständig zu kontrollieren, sondern sich auf deren Berichte verlassen müsse.

18.12.2019 - 15:22 [ Fox News / Youtube ]

Nunes: Democrats have put people in ‚tremendous danger‘

(15.12.2019)

California Congressman Devin Nunes, Republican ranking member of the House Intelligence Committee demands Schiff to call on IG Horowitz to testify before House Intelligence Committee.

18.12.2019 - 15:01 [ Fox News ]

FISA court slams FBI over surveillance applications, in rare public order

The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court has dealt with some of the most sensitive matters of national security: terror threats and espionage. Its work, for the most part, cannot be examined by the American public, by order of Congress and the president. Its work has been mostly secret, its structure largely one-sided.

„The most unusual thing is that there is a body of law that the court has created, but as a practitioner that is part of that law, we have between zero and some very limited knowledge of what that law is,“ Michael Sussmann, a former Justice Department prosecutor and current private attorney in the consumer and computer-privacy field, told Fox News. „But, it’s the fact that there is a secret law and a secret body of law that makes it the most vexing.“

18.12.2019 - 13:20 [ Donald J. Trump, President of the United States / Twitter ]

So, if Comey & the top people in the FBI were dirty cops and cheated on the FISA Court, wouldn’t all of these phony cases have to be overturned or dismissed? They went after me with the Fake Dossier, paid for by Crooked Hillary & the DNC, which they illegally presented to FISA…

(today)

….They want to Impeach me (I’m not worried!), and yet they were all breaking the law in so many ways. How can they do that and yet impeach a very successful (Economy Plus) President of the United States, who has done nothing wrong? These people are Crazy!
10,120 replies 12,033 retweets 44,359 likes

18.12.2019 - 13:08 [ Radio Utopie ]

Es sind natürlich die U.S.-Geheimdienste, die Trump erpressen (wollen)

(11.01.2017)

So etwas ist noch nie passiert. Die gesamte Situation ist präzedenzlos.

Das angeblich belastende Material, wie beschrieben angeblich von irgendeinem britischen Agenten, etc, ist bereits gestern auf Buzzfeed veröffentlicht worden. Es ist dermaßen ekelhaft, dass es einem die Schuhe auszieht. Und es wird mir schlecht, wenn ich sehe wie die Leute auf Twitter darauf reagieren. Offensichtlich wurde diese Fälschung, die als solche u.a. von Gateway Pundit und Wikileaks identifiziert wurde, nur mit einem Ziel entworfen: Trump anzuschießen und zwar so, dass er nie wieder aufsteht.

Trumps Reaktion ist, nun ja, fast etwas verwirrt. Im Laufe des heutigen Tages hielt er seine Pressekonferenz als gewählter Präsident ab. Allen Anwesenden war, nach meinem Eindruck, eine Art Schock über die Situation ins Gesicht geschrieben. Selbst der bemühte, ab und an aufbrandende Beifall änderte nichts an der gespenstischen Situation.

Während der Pressekonferenz übernahm Trump einerseits zum ersten Mal die Position der C.I.A. und äußerte hastig zwischen zwei Sätzen zur Frage, wer verantwortlich sei für den angeblichen Hack gegen die Parteizentrale der „Demokraten“ („Democratic National Committee“, D.N.C.),

„Ich glaube, es war Russland“ („I believe, it was Russia“)

Gegen Mittag hatte Trump andererseits zu dem veröffentlichten „belastenden Material“ getwittert:

„(Die) Geheimdienste hätten niemals erlauben sollen, dass diese Fake News an die Öffentlichkeit ´geleaked´ werden. Ein letzter Schuss gegen mich. Leben wir in Nazi-Deutschland?“

18.12.2019 - 12:49 [ Washington Post ]

Surveillance court demands answers from FBI for errors, omissions in Trump campaign investigation

(today)

The inspector general concluded that central to the FBI’s court applications for surveillance of Page were a set of allegations provided by former British intelligence officer Christopher Steele. The Steele dossier, as it came to be known, contained allegations against Trump, Page and other Trump associates, and those allegations have been the subject of intense political fighting since they became public in early 2017.

18.12.2019 - 06:29 [ Washington Post ]

FBI seeks interview with whistleblower who triggered impeachment inquiry

(20.11.2019)

The FBI is seeking an interview with a CIA whistleblower whose complaint led to an impeachment inquiry into whether President Trump abused his office in his dealings with the Ukrainian president, according to three people familiar with the matter.

18.12.2019 - 06:18 [ theHill.com ]

Judge blasts FBI over misleading info for surveillance of Trump campaign adviser

„The FBI’s handling of the Carter Page applications, as portrayed in the OIG report, was antithetical to the heightened duty of candor described above,“ Rosemary Collyer, presiding judge with the FISC, wrote in the order released by the court.

The judge gave the FBI until Jan. 10 to provide the court a sworn statement detailing how it plans to overhaul its approach to future surveillance applications.

16.12.2019 - 21:32 [ William Webster / New York Times ]

I Headed the F.B.I. and C.I.A. There’s a Dire Threat to the Country I Love.

(today)

The privilege of being the only American in our history to serve as the director of both the F.B.I. and the C.I.A. gives me a unique perspective and a responsibility to speak out about a dire threat to the rule of law in the country I love. Order protects liberty, and liberty protects order. Today, the integrity of the institutions that protect our civil order is, tragically, under assault from too many people whose job it should be to protect them.

The rule of law is the bedrock of American democracy, the principle that protects every American from the abuse of monarchs, despots and tyrants. Every American should demand that our leaders put the rule of law above politics.

14.12.2019 - 09:46 [ theHill.com ]

Senate Republican calls on Trump to declassify record on FBI surveillance of campaign adviser

“The Inspector General report showed the FBI was willing to do anything in order to spy on Carter Page, including making 17 significant inaccuracies and omissions. The American public deserves to know everything the FBI did,” Kennedy said in a statement Friday.

“I’m asking President Trump to declassify the entire record so that Attorney General Barr and FBI Director Wray can release it to the American people. If the FBI wants to continue the employment of rogue, politically-motivated agents, then let the public read the entire record.”

12.12.2019 - 09:21 [ New York Times ]

We Just Got a Rare Look at National Security Surveillance. It Was Ugly.

At more than 400 pages, the study amounted to the most searching look ever at the government’s secretive system for carrying out national-security surveillance on American soil. And what the report showed was not pretty.

The Justice Department’s independent inspector general, Michael E. Horowitz, and his team uncovered a staggeringly dysfunctional and error-ridden process in how the F.B.I. went about obtaining and renewing court permission under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, or FISA, to wiretap Carter Page, a former Trump campaign adviser.

11.12.2019 - 19:25 [ theHill.com ]

Horowitz: ‚Very concerned‘ about FBI leaks to Giuliani

„As we noted publicly last year in our report, we were very concerned about that,“ Horowitz said at Wednesday’s Senate Judiciary Committee hearing.

„We are investigating those contacts. We’ve issued a couple of public summaries so far about people we’ve found violated FBI policy. We have other investigations ongoing,“ Horowitz continued.

He added that, while it has been hard to prove the substance of conversations between FBI and reporters or outside individuals, “we can prove the contacts.“

„Under FBI policy you need authorization if you’re going to disclose information and have certain contacts,“ he said.

11.12.2019 - 19:22 [ Zerp Hedge ]

Watch Live: Inspector General Michael Horowitz Testifies After FISA Report Release

Following Monday’s release of the long-awaited FISA report on FBI abuses while investigating the Trump campaign, during the 2016 US election, Inspector General Michael Horowitz is testifying before the Senate Judiciary Committee on Wednesday.

Horowitz’s report found „significant inaccuracies and omissions,“ yet despite the fact that the FBI’s elite made numerous errors and harbored extreme animus against Donald Trump, none of that affected their investigation.

12.06.2019 - 08:15 [ Donald J. Trump, President of the United States / Twitter ]

“Someone should call Obama up. The Obama Administration spied on a rival presidential campaign using Federal Agencies. I mean, that seems like a headline to me?” @TuckerCarlson It will all start coming out, and the Witch Hunt will end. Presidential Harassment!

12.06.2019 - 08:13 [ Real Clear Politics ]

Phil Mudd: „Clock Ticking“ For Democrats Before Barr Finds Out How Trump Probe Started

(04.06.2019)

Retired CIA operative and CNN counterterrorism analyst Phil Mudd talks about British national Christopher Steele, author of the infamous Steele dossier, deciding to talk with U.S. officials about his part in the Trump-Russia investigation.

Mudd predicts things are going to get „ugly“ when Attorney General Bill Barr concludes how the probe was initiated which will give the Trump White House „ammo.“

06.06.2019 - 19:52 [ Techdirt ]

AG William Barr Doesn’t Want The Government Spying On The President But Thinks It’s OK If It Spies On Everyone Else

Let me restate that: William Barr is opposed to certain, very narrow subsets of domestic surveillance. Specifically, Barr doesn’t think the government should have spied on Trump and his campaign staff, if that’s what actually happened, which Barr doesn’t actually seem to know.

But if you’re literally anyone else, domestic surveillance is just another name for national security, whether you’re a random Verizon customer or one of the world’s most useful websites.

The Wikimedia Foundation sued the federal government over domestic surveillance back in 2015. The suit lives on four years later …

05.06.2019 - 09:28 [ theHill.com ]

Report: Christopher Steele agrees to be questioned by US officials over his relationship with FBI

A source close to Steele told The Times he will meet with investigators in London in the coming weeks. Republicans have long alleged it was Steele’s dossier that improperly led to an FBI inquiry, which ultimately morphed into special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into possible coordination between the Trump and campaign and Russia during the 2016 election.

05.06.2019 - 09:24 [ DailyMail..co.uk ]

Golden showers dossier author Christopher Steele WILL speak to U.S. authorities investigating how claims Trump colluded with Russia began

– The former British intelligence officer authored what became known as the golden showers dossier
– Congressional investigators sought to interview him without success
– He will meet with unidentified U.S. investigators, a source close to him told the Times of London
– Attorney General Bill Barr ordered a new investigation of the origins of the Russia probe
– The Mueller report did not confirm salacious claims from the dossier
– The report did include a footnote about a Georgian businessman who told Michael Cohen he had ’stopped flow‘ of ’some tapes‘

01.06.2019 - 20:27 [ ABC News ]

House Intelligence chair to spy agencies: Tell us what Barr asks for

„This approach threatens national security by subverting longstanding rules and practices that obligate you and other heads of [intelligence community] agencies to safeguard sources and methods and prevent the politicization of intelligence and law enforcement,“ Schiff wrote in the letter to Coats, which was also sent to the heads of the CIA, NSA and FBI.

01.06.2019 - 20:22 [ Bloomberg ]

Barr Doubts Intelligence Accounts of Trump-Russia Probe’s Origin

Attorney General William Barr said he’s not satisfied so far with official accounts justifying the counterintelligence investigation into whether Donald Trump’s presidential campaign was involved in Russia’s interference in the 2016 election.

“These counterintelligence activities that were directed at the Trump campaign, were not done in the normal course and not through the normal procedures as a far as I can tell,” Barr told “CBS This Morning” in an interview broadcast Friday.

01.06.2019 - 20:18 [ Fox News ]

Barr has not received ’satisfactory‘ answers from intelligence community in Russia probe origins review

Last month, Barr announced he had assembled a team to review the FBI’s original Russia probe which was opened in the summer of 2016. Barr appointed U.S. Attorney from Connecticut John Durham to lead the investigation which will focus on the use of FBI informants as well as alleged improper issuance of Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) warrants.

But Barr, in an interview with CBS News that aired Friday, said he has more questions than answers at this point in the probe.

24.06.2018 - 09:38 [ Pulse.com.gh ]

The DOJ has turned over additional FISA records to Republicans, and former intelligence officials say the implications could be ‚catastrophic‘

The immediate concern, according to the former CIA operative Glenn Carle, is that turning over information related to FISA records could compromise sources and methods.

„Congressional oversight is not operational control, it’s policy control,“ Carle said. „So it’s not really appropriate for an oversight body and its members to have detailed knowledge of sources and methods, because they are not trained in how to handle that.“

27.03.2018 - 22:53 [ Luftpost ]

Devin Nunes: Den Missetätern im FBI und im Justizministerium sollte der Prozess gemacht werden

Auch der ehemalige CIA-Analyst Ray McGovern ist der Meinung, dass die Mitarbeiter des FBI und des US-Justizministeriums, die sich durch Täuschung illegale Überwachungsgenehmigungen erschlichen haben, vor Gericht gestellt werden müssen.