Archiv: quantum technology / Quantentechnologie


27.09.2022 - 01:10 [ Erich Moechel / fm4.ORF.at ]

In Brüssel hat das Match um Data-Mining begonnen

Alle nur denkbaren Plattformen für Möglichkeiten zur interpersonellen Kommunikation sollen verpflichtet werden, nicht nur weite Teile ihres Datenverkehrs auf Vorrat zu speichern, sondern auch Daten zu erheben – etwa von persönlichen Chats – die bisher nicht gespeichert wurden. Diese auf Vorrat gespeicherten, zu riesigen Volumina aggregierten Daten sollen dann in einem neu zu errichtenden „EU Centre“ mit Data-Mining und KI-Anwendungen – beides gehört organisch zusammen – auf sogenannte „Kinderpornographie“ durchsucht werden. Tatsächlich wird diese Centre, das obendrein auf dem Gelände von Europol in Den Haag angesiedelt werden soll, ein europäisches Kompetenzzentrum für Überwachung mit Methoden aus dem Komplex Big-Data, Data-Mining und sogenannter „Künstlicher Intelligenz“. Diese Verordnung sollt noch im Herbst im EU-Parlament auftauchen.

24.09.2022 - 23:55 [ Euractiv.com ]

EU’s contempt for encryption puts all Europeans at risk

Every Internet user will find themselves more easily surveilled by the state and other actors. For Central and Eastern Europeans, where analogue surveillance and political retaliation were conducted within their lifetimes, the proposal would be a depressing rollback of the freedoms hard-won by previous generations.

Members of the LGBTQ+ community, abuse survivors, refugees, and minority groups that are the targets of discrimination or attack, will no longer find refuge on the Internet. Professions such as journalists, who depend upon encryption to keep themselves and their sources safe, will be less able to investigate corruption and criminality. The murders of Slovak journalist Ján Kuciak and Maltese journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia in recent years are a reminder of the high stakes for reporters who are exposed.

24.09.2022 - 21:58 [ Patrick Breyer #JoinMastodon / Nitter ]

Wow: Dank unermüdlicher Kampagnen gegen #biometrischeMassenüberwachung will nun die Mehrheit im EU-Parlament ein Verbot im #AIAct verankern. Wir lassen nicht locker, bis Gesichtserkennung im öffentlichen Raum endgültig verboten ist

24.09.2022 - 21:42 [ BiometricUpdate.com ]

EU parliament majority now in favor of banning AI surveillance in public

(23.09.2022)

According to the document, some EU countries are pushing to add more exemptions for law enforcement.

These include the police being able to use real-time facial recognition (RTFR) to prevent any “substantial threat” to critical infrastructure. The exceptions join the list, which already includes searching for kidnapping victims and suspects of crime.

German liberal Svenja Hahn told Politico that negotiations are still ongoing, but the EU parliament will formally try to secure its position on the matter by the end of the year.

24.09.2022 - 21:09 [ AlgorithmWatch.org ]

A guide to the AI Act, the EU’s upcoming AI rulebook you should watch out for

(28.08.2022)

The unfolding of this is being attentively watched by other global players as the law will also have an effect outside the EU.

Currently, the EU Parliament and EU Council are each negotiating the draft written by the EU Commission within their own institutions. After this, the three bodies will go into trilogue negotiations.

Here is a guide for you to understand this new regulation and the political processes around it.

25.05.2022 - 20:07 [ science.ORF.at ]

Quanteninternet: Erstmals Teleportation in Netzwerk gelungen

Bei diesem von Albert Einstein als „spukhafte Fernwirkung“ abgetanen quantenphysikalischen Phänomen bleiben zwei verschränkte Teilchen wie von Zauberhand miteinander verbunden und teilen ihre physikalischen Eigenschaften. Die Messung an einem legt unmittelbar den Zustand des anderen fest, auch wenn sie beliebig weit voneinander entfernt sind.

Die Teleportation ermöglicht damit die zuverlässige Übertragung von Quanteninformationen zwischen weit entfernten Knoten.

19.10.2021 - 07:24 [ theRegister.com ]

EU and US seek ‚common principles‘ for data governance and AI

(30.09.2021)

Launched by president Joe Biden, European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen, and European Council president Charles Michel at the U.S.-EU Summit in June 2021, the Council held its first meeting yesterday.

At the meeting, the United States and European Union decided to closely coordinate on an expansive set of critical economic and technology issues over the coming months and achieve concrete outcomes by the next meeting. These include joint work on the semi-conductor supply chain and Artificial Intelligence, as well as data governance, the joint statement said.

20.09.2021 - 23:32 [ Christiane Amanpour, @CNN Chief International Anchor / Twitter ]

Exclusive: @EU_Commission President @vonderleyen reacts to the AUKUS fallout. “One of our member states has been treated in a way that is not acceptable,” she tells me. “We want to know what happened and why.”

Full interview airs at 7pCET @CNNi
and tonight @PBS
(listings vary).

20.09.2021 - 23:27 [ ORF.at ]

U-Boot-Streit: Biden um Beschwichtigung bemüht

EU-Kommissionspräsidentin Ursula von der Leyen hat das Vorgehen der USA, Australiens und Großbritanniens gegenüber Frankreich im Streit um einen geplatzten U-Boot-Deal als „nicht akzeptabel“ bezeichnet. „Es gibt viele offene Fragen, die beantwortet werden müssen“, sagte von der Leyen in einem Interview mit dem US-Sender CNN, von dem heute Ausschnitte beim Onlinedienst Twitter veröffentlicht wurden.

20.09.2021 - 17:31 [ Institution of Engineering and Technology - theiet.org ]

View from Washington: Aukus looms over AI and quantum

Then, some of the more notable consequences may be for the global research infrastructure, one that had become increasingly freewheeling since the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Some familiar voices are already proclaiming Aukus as evidence of the ‘Brexit dividend’. Never mind the facts that technological collaboration between the three members is already taking place through the Five Eyes intelligence alliance (with New Zealand and Canada, both not part of this agreement);

20.09.2021 - 16:13 [ Techradar.com ]

Google’s new submarine web cable will carry millions of 4K videos simultaneously

(15 September 2021)

The project also marks Google’s first investment in a submarine cable docking in Spain and will serve to knit the Google Cloud region in Madrid with the company’s wider global infrastructure.

Courtesy of a whopping 16 fiber pairs, the Grace Hopper Cable will boast a record-breaking capacity of 340 Tbps, which Google says is equivalent to roughly 17.5 million people streaming 4K videos at once. The current record is held by Google’s Dunant cable, which delivers 250 Tbps.

20.09.2021 - 16:01 [ CNN ]

The global internet is powered by vast undersea cables. But they’re vulnerable.

(July 26, 2019)

Clatterbuck, the Seacom CEO, was skeptical about how much use tapping an undersea cable would be, pointing to the huge amounts of data passing through it every second, creating a huge hayfield in which to look for needles.
„If you wanted to spy on people would you put a giant microphone over the US and spy on everyone?“

19.09.2021 - 14:13 [ Sydney Morning Herald ]

‘Deep and grave concerns’: French should have seen sub decision coming, PM says

Mr Dutton said the risk of the local power industry or internet banking being shut down by overseas actors was very real, arguing the agreement with Britain and America would boost Australia’s chances to retaliate.

19.09.2021 - 13:44 [ France 24 ]

PM Morrison rejects France’s accusation that Australia lied over cancelled submarine deal

„I think they would have had every reason to know that we had deep and grave concerns that the capability being delivered by the Attack Class submarine was not going to meet our strategic interests and we made very clear that we would be making a decision based on our strategic national interest,“ he told reporters in Sydney.

19.09.2021 - 13:25 [ Liz Truss / Telegraph.co.uk ]

Global Britain is planting its flag on the world stage

But freedoms need to be defended, so we are also building strong security ties around the world. That is why last week the Prime Minister announced, alongside our friends President Biden and Prime Minister Morrison, the creation of a new security partnership called AUKUS.

We will be working closer together to use a wide range of cutting-edge technologies, from nuclear-powered submarines at first and then looking at artificial intelligence and quantum computing.

19.09.2021 - 13:11 [ BBC ]

Aukus: French minister condemns US and Australia ‚lies‘ over security pact

The pact means Australia will become just the seventh nation in the world to operate nuclear-powered submarines. It will also see the allies share cyber capabilities, artificial intelligence and other undersea technologies.

15.06.2021 - 16:14 [ SWR.de ]

Quantensprung: In Ehningen wird Europas erster kommerzieller Quantencomputer vorgestellt

(heute)

In Ehningen (Kreis Böblingen) wird am Nachmittag der erste kommerzielle Quantencomputer Europas eingeweiht. Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel (CDU) wohnt dem Festakt online bei. Das Projekt geht auf ein Gespräch zwischen Merkel und IBM-Chefin Ginni Rometty am Rande des Weltwirtschaftsforums in Davos zurück: …

15.06.2021 - 15:59 [ Netzpolitik.org ]

ZITiS baut Supercomputer zur Entschlüsselung

(16.10.2018)

Dieser Supercomputer hat „höchste Priorität“ für die ZITiS-Abnehmer Verfassungsschutz, Bundeskriminalamt und Bundespolizei.

Vor zwei Wochen wurde bekannt, dass ZITiS auch einen Quantencomputer einsetzen will. Ob Supercomputer und Quantencomputer verschiedene Projekte sind, will ZITiS auf Anfrage nicht verraten:

15.06.2021 - 15:44 [ Cnet ]

IBM now has 18 quantum computers in its fleet of weird machines

(May 6, 2020)

Eighteen quantum computers might not sound like a lot. But given that each one is an unwieldy device chilled within a fraction of a degree above absolute zero and operated by Ph.D. researchers, it’s actually a pretty large fleet. In comparison, Google’s quantum computers lab near Santa Barbara, California, has only five machines, and Honeywell only has six quantum computers.

15.06.2021 - 15:20 [ Weltwirtschaftsforum / World Economic Forum ]

Quantum leap: why the next wave of computers will change the world

(29 Oct 2019)

To break a widely used RSA 2048-bit encryption, a classical computer with one trillion operations per second would need around 300 trillion years. This is such a long time that we all feel very safe.

A quantum computer using Shor’s algorithm could achieve the same feat in just 10 seconds, with a modest 1 million operations per second. That’s the power of quantum computers: 300 trillion years versus 10 seconds.

14.09.2020 - 21:55 [ ORF ]

Physik: Neuer magnetoelektrischer Effekt entdeckt

Durch die gestörte Symmetrie ist es möglich, die sogenannte elektrische Polarisation des Kristalls mit einem Magnetfeld zu verändern. Dabei ist nicht nur die Stärke des Magnetfeldes entscheidend, sondern auch dessen Richtung. „Wenn man die Richtung des Magnetfelds ein kleines bisschen dreht, kann die Polarisation völlig umkippen. Das ist eine neue Form des magnetoelektrischen Effekts, die man bisher noch nicht kannte“, erklärte der Physiker.

21.07.2020 - 20:01 [ The Hill ]

Trump administration establishes $75 million quantum computing centers

The center set to be established at the University of California Berkeley will address present and future quantum computing, while the center at the University of Illinois will focus on hybrid quantum architecture and networks. The third institute, at the University of Colorado, will look into the development of quantum sensors to help with more precise measurements across a variety of fields.

23.01.2020 - 20:39 [ junge Welt ]

Weltmachtambitionen: Zu geringe Rechenleistung

Ihre Kommission werde Rahmenbedingungen für »einen großen Pool an nichtpersonalisierten Daten« schaffen, »der danach allen zur Verfügung steht«, teilte sie mit. So solle eine »European Open Science Cloud« eingerichtet werden, auf die auch Unternehmen Zugriff hätten.

25.11.2019 - 19:31 [ CNN ]

He invented the web. Now he’s warning of a looming ‚digital dystopia‘

Ahead of a conference in Berlin Monday, Berners-Lee tweeted a warning of the risks faced.
He wrote: „If we fail to defend the free and open web, we risk a digital dystopia of entrenched inequality and abuse of rights.“
In an earlier statement on his foundation’s website, he called the web „one of the defining opportunities of our time,“ adding that collaborative action must be taken „to prevent the web being misused by those who want to exploit, divide and undermine.“

25.11.2019 - 19:27 [ kiwifarms.net ]

Research paper claims Google has achieved ‚quantum supremacy‘ – a milestone in computing after their quantum processor performed a ‚calculation in three minutes and 20 seconds that would take a state-of-the-art supercomputer 10,000 years‘

(22.09.2019)

The technology carries major national security implications because quantum computers potentially could break traditional internet security programs or other codes.

Developing viable quantum computers has proved to be hugely challenging because they rely on superconductivity that can only be achieved in temperatures close to absolute zero.
Any instability in the qubits, for example from vibrations, can lead to ‘noise’ that causes calculation errors and undermines a quantum computer’s power to solve problems.

Earlier this month, IBM announced it was joining forces with a German research institute to explore the potential of quantum computing, backed by a government plan to invest $717million over two years in wider research in the field.

25.11.2019 - 19:23 [ Freeman LaFleur / Twitter ]

A claim by Google researchers that they performed the first quantum computation was briefly posted on a NASA website before being removed.

(21.09.2019)