Archiv: United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) / UN Menschenrechtsrat


21.09.2022 - 12:05 [ UN.org ]

The right to privacy in the digital age – Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

56. With this in mind, OHCHR recommends that States:

(a) Ensure that any interference with the right to privacy, including hacking, restrictions to access and use of encryption technology and surveillance of the public, complies with international human rights law, including the principles of legality, legitimate aim, necessity and proportionality and non-discrimination, and does not impair the essence of that right;

(b) Conduct human rights due diligencesystematically, including regular
comprehensive human rights impact assessments, when designing, developing, purchasing, deploying and operating surveillance systems;

(c) Take into account, when conducting human rights due diligence and
assessing the necessity and proportionality of new surveillance systems and powers, the entire legal and technological environment in which those systems or powers are or would be embedded; States should also consider risks of abuse, function creep and repurposing, including risks as a result of future political changes;

(d) Adopt and effectively enforce, through independent, impartial and well-resourced authorities, data privacy legislation for the public and private sectors that complies with international human rights law, including safeguards, oversight and remedies to effectively protect the right to privacy;

(e) Take immediate measures to effectively increase the transparency of the use of surveillance technologies, including by appropriately informing the public and affected individuals and communities and regularly providing data relevant for the public to assess their efficacy and impact on human rights;

(f) Promote public debate of the use of surveillance technologies and ensure meaningful participation of all stakeholders in decisions on the acquisition, transfer, sale, development, deployment and use of surveillance technologies, including the elaboration of public policies and their implementation;

(g) Implement moratoriums on the domestic and transnational sale and use of surveillance systems, such as hacking tools and biometric systems that can be used for the identification or classification of individuals in public places, until adequate safeguards to protect human rights are in place; such safeguards should include domestic and export control measures, in line with the recommendations made herein
and in previous reports to the Human Rights Council;

(h) Ensure that victims of human rights violations and abuses linked to the use of surveillance systems have access to effective remedies. In relation to the specific issues raised in the present report, OHCHR
recommends that States:

Hacking

(a) Ensure that the hacking of personal devices is employed by authorities only as a last resort, used only to prevent or investigate a specific act amounting to a serious threat to national security or a specific serious crime, and narrowly targeted at the person suspected of committing those acts; such measures should be subject to strict independent oversight and should require prior approval by a judicial body;

Encryption

(b) Promote and protect strong encryption and avoid all direct, or indirect, general and indiscriminate restrictions on the use of encryption, such as prohibitions, criminalization, the imposition of weak encryption standards or requirements for mandatory general client-side scanning; interference with the encryption of private communications of individuals should only be carried out when authorized by an independent judiciary body and on a case-by-case basis, targeting individuals if strictly necessary for the investigation of serious crimes or the prevention of serious crimes or
serious threats to public safety or national security;

Surveillance of public spaces and export control of surveillance technology

(c) Adopt adequate legal frameworks to govern the collection, analysis and sharing of social media intelligence that clearly define permissible grounds, prerequisites, authorization procedures and adequate oversight mechanisms;

(d) Avoid general privacy-intrusive monitoring of public spaces and ensure that all public surveillance measures are strictly necessary and proportionate for achieving important legitimate objectives, including by strictly limiting their location and time, as well as the duration of data storage, the purpose of data use and access to data; biometric recognition systems should only be used in public spaces to prevent or
investigate serious crimes or serious public safety threats and if all requirements under international human rights law are implemented with regard to public spaces;

(e) Establish robust well-tailored export control regimes applicable to surveillance technologies, the use of which carries high risks for the enjoyment of human rights; States should require transparent human rights impact assessments that take into account the capacities of the technologies at issue as well as the situation in the recipient State, including compliance with human rights, adherence to the rule of law,
the existence and effective enforcement of applicable laws regulating surveillance activities and the existence of independent oversight mechanisms;

(f) Ensure that, in the provision and use of surveillance technologies, public-private partnerships uphold and expressly incorporate human rights standards and do not result in an abdication of governmental accountability for human rights.

21.09.2022 - 11:47 [ Netzpolitik.org ]

Client-Side-Scanning: UN-Menschenrechtskommissar erteilt Chatkontrolle deutliche Absage

(19.09.2022)

Der UN-Menschenrechtskommissar hat sich in einem Bericht zum „Recht auf Privatsphäre im digitalen Zeitalter“ (PDF auf unserem Server), der sich mit Trojanern wie Pegasus, der Rolle von Verschlüsselung sowie der Überwachung öffentlicher Räume beschäftigt, kritisch gegenüber der Technologie des Client-Side-Scannings ausgesprochen. Diese ist im Rahmen der Einführung einer Chatkontrolle in der EU als Überwachungstechnologie im Gespräch.

09.04.2022 - 18:28 [ UN.org ]

General Assembly Adopts Text to Suspend Russian Federation from Human Rights Council, Continuing Emergency Special Session on Humanitarian Crisis in Ukraine

The Assembly adopted the draft resolution by a recorded vote of 93 in favour to 24 against, with 58 abstentions, signaling the international community’s strong censure of Moscow’s aggressive actions towards a neighbouring State.

09.04.2022 - 18:24 [ Camila / Twitter ]

In terms of population, 73.73% of the world did not vote in favor of suspending Russia 🇷🇺 from the UN Human Rights Council. The figure is even higher when you factor in the 18 countries that didn’t vote.

09.04.2022 - 18:20 [ Washington Post ]

How isolated is Russia, really?

Though the United States, the European Union and other allies have imposed sanctions on Russian oligarchs and armed enemies of the Kremlin, most of the world’s population lives in countries that have not.

Even in the United Nations votes, condemners did not represent a majority of the global population — abstainers and supporters of Russia did.

10.03.2022 - 11:15 [ UN.org ]

Ukraine war now ‘apocalyptic’ humanitarians warn, in call for safe access

(08.02.2022)

“This situation is really apocalyptic for people, it is getting worse, they are running out of essential supplies,” said Ewan Watson, spokesperson for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). “And so, our call today is really for lifesaving aid to reach these people.”

He added: “We’ve depleted our stocks, as I said; it stands to reason that people are coming to the end of whatever supplies they had. So, when you ask if this is a matter of life or death, or if it is lifesaving? Yes. For us, it is essential that humanitarian aid gets into a city like Mariupol, and to other cities that are in the midst of conflict in Ukraine today.”

04.03.2022 - 14:42 [ UN Human Rights Council #HRC49 / Twitter ]

At #HRC49, UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet presented her report into accountability for alleged violations of international human rights law committed by relevant actors in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.

REPORT https://bit.ly/3Ce7IhM

04.03.2022 - 14:37 [ UN Human Rights Council #HRC49 / Twitter ]

#HRC49 | The @UN Human Rights Council adopted a resolution calling for the „swift and verifiable“ withdrawal of #Russian troops and Russian-backed armed groups from the entire territory of #Ukraine.

Watch the video of the adoption of the VOTE

15.07.2019 - 03:59 [ teleSUR ]

UN Human Rights Council Adopts Resolution Rejecting US Sanctions

The draft resolution was approved with 28 votes in favor, 14 against and five abstentions, and was presented by Venezuela and Palestine on behalf of the Movement of Non-aligned Countries (NAM), except Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Honduras, and Peru, during the OHCHR’s 41st session.

10.07.2019 - 11:19 [ MondoWeiss.net ]

Iran deal was ‘the worst diplomatic debacle in American history’ — John Bolton to CUFI

„Last June, we announced our withdrawal from the hypocritical Human Rights Council, which shielded the world’s worst human rights violators while devoting most of its time to condemning Israel; a thriving democracy. (Applause) We are also reevaluating U.N. peace-keeping missions, including those involving Israel to ensure support for effective, accountable, and efficient operations. We will not allow bureaucratic inertia to keep the United States in international organizations or agreements that undermine U.S. interests and values. (Applause)

For these reasons, in September of last year I announced that the United States would not fund, support, or cooperate with the International Criminal Court, or ICC (Applause). The ICC, which asserts near-universal jurisdiction over the citizens of every country without their consent. As I said then, the ICC is flawed to its core and we will let it die on its own.“ Applause)

16.06.2019 - 09:24 [ Ryukyu Shimpo ]

Editorial: UN special rapporteur indicates freedom of expression in Japan in danger; infringing on freedom of expression is inexcusable

(07.06.2019)

The report also expresses concern over the pressure the government is applying on the protests against the new base construction in Okinawa, and advised against infringing on the freedom to demonstrate in opposition of public policy, and suggested the government cooperate with the protests and related journalism.

The new report once again criticizes the Japanese government, stating that almost none of the previous report’s recommendations have been implemented.

22.12.2018 - 23:22 [ Heike Hänsel MdB / Twitter ]

Die UN hat nun auch reagiert und ihre Forderung nach Freilassung von Julian #Assange erneuert!#FreeAssange #HandsOffAssange

24.08.2018 - 02:28 [ Press TV ]

Head of UN panel probing Israeli crimes resigns

The UN said in a statement dated Aug. 22 that Crane had informed the council of his decision a day earlier, „due to a personal circumstance that has arisen“ and that the council was „considering next steps“.