24.08.2019 - 15:40 [ Spiked ]

The strangling of European democracy: The EU is the high point of an anti-democratic project that has been brewing for a hundred years.

So, while the EU might well be the apogee of constrained democracy, constrained democracy has many facets. Moreover, the model of constrained democracy existed on a national level before the EU was created. Indeed, the EU can be seen as the grotesque extension of a flawed system that was first developed within nation states after the First World War. For instance, the model of independent central banking was pioneered in Germany before being transposed to the EU much later on.