Archiv: World Wars


22.09.2020 - 09:41 [ UN.org ]

LIVE: UN ‚only as strong as its members‘ Guterres tells UN75 event, looking to the future

On Monday the UN marks the 75 years of the Organization with a High-level meeting featuring many world leaders. The theme is, “The future we want, the United Nations we need”, and there is a strong focus on the role of youth, and ensuring the UN remains relevant for future generations.

Highlights:
• Live broadcast of High-level meeting

• UNcomplicated podcast: the UN turns 75
• UN75 photo story

• Richard Curtis video, Nations United

• Lid Is On podcast, narrated by Julia Roberts

• W.H. Auden’s „Hymn to the United Nations“

21.08.2020 - 15:53 [ ForeignPolicy.com ]

The Biden Doctrine Exists Already. Here’s an Inside Preview.

The Democratic nominee and his closest advisors served in the Obama administration—but their foreign-policy vision is finding inspiration in Harry S. Truman.

21.08.2020 - 15:52 [ Ville Kostian / Twitter ]

#Biden – „The Democratic nominee and his closest advisors served in the Obama administration—but their foreign-policy vision is finding inspiration in Harry S. Truman.“

15.08.2020 - 19:49 [ KBS.co.kr ]

Pompeo Sends Well Wishes for Liberation Day

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Thursday issued a message celebrating Liberation Day on August 15, which marks the day Korea was liberated from Japan’s colonial rule.

15.08.2020 - 19:13 [ Japan Today ]

Emperor, empress, Abe attend ceremony to mark 75th anniversary of WWII surrender

Japan on Saturday commemorated the 75th anniversary of its surrender in World War II, with the emperor and empress, the prime minister and a limited number of people attending a ceremony to mourn the war dead that was scaled back due to the novel coronavirus pandemic.

15.08.2020 - 19:11 [ Times of India ]

Prince Charles leads UK’s VJ Day World War II end commemoration

LONDON: Britain’s prince Charles on Saturday led the UK’s commemoration of the 75th anniversary of Victory over Japan (VJ) Day – the day World War II ended with Japan’s surrender in 1945.

06.08.2020 - 20:19 [ John LaForge / Common Dreams ]

The War Crimes of Nuclear Weaponry

August 07, 2014

“The rights and wrongs of Hiroshima are debatable,” Telford Taylor, the chief prosecutor at Nuremberg, once said, “but I have never heard a plausible justification of Nagasaki” — which he labeled a war crime.

25.06.2020 - 22:42 [ PBS Frontline ]

The Soldier’s Heart: Interview David Grossman

(Nov. 22, 2004)

You have statistics in your book. … Talk to me about the 2 percent statistic and what that means.

Naturally speaking, there’s 2 percent who after 60 days of continuous day-and-night combat are not driven insane. And this 2 percent keeps bubbling up. Two percent of all fighter pilots in World War II killed more than the rest put together, something along those lines. This 2 percent keeps bubbling up.

And it’s really not a percent. It’s not a yes or no. It’s a continuum. It’s the old bell-shaped curve. [At] one end of the bell-shaped curve there’s people, at the tail of it, with great capacity for violence. [At] the other end there’s people over here with no capacity for violence. And there’s most of the people right in between. But you can choose to go one way or another. Israel is a nation that has shifted their bell-shaped curve. Israel is a nation who’s chosen a warrior path.

So what’s happening in the psychology of those 2 percent?

Well, those 2 percent are people with a capacity for aggression. And then they divide into two parts. Those who have the capacity for aggression and an absence of empathy, we call those psychopaths, sociopaths, aggressive sociopaths. Those who have a capacity for aggression and empathy for their fellow citizens, we call those warriors, heroes, cops, soldiers, Marines, spec ops.

18.06.2020 - 17:11 [ ABC News (Australia) / Youtube ]

British singer Vera Lynn, known as ‚The Forces‘ Sweetheart‘, dies aged 103 | ABC News

The singer who lifted the spirits of the Allies in the Second World War, Vera Lynn, has died.

Her songs, like „We’ll Meet Again“, stamped themselves in the consciousness of civilians and soldiers alike as the tide of war turned.

18.06.2020 - 17:09 [ theSun.co.uk ]

Dame Vera Lynn’s death – Queen to send private message of condolence to family of Forces’ Sweetheart

THE Queen is going to send a private message of condolence to the family of Dame Vera Lynn after she passed away today aged 103.

The Forces‘ sweetheart who became a national treasure during World War Two, sang iconic wartime classics We’ll Meet Again and White Cliffs of Dover which not only inspired the nation but also generations to come.

08.05.2020 - 16:55 [ Slate.com ]

How Modern Tyrants Use Terror Management to Consolidate Power – Be ready for an American Reichstag fire when it comes.

(04.04.2017)

The sudden disaster that requires the end of checks and balances, the dissolution of opposition parties, the suspension of freedom of expression, the right to a fair trial, and so on—this is the oldest trick in the Hitlerian book. Do not fall for it. Modern tyrants are terror managers. Do not allow your shock to be turned against your freedom. When the terrorist attack comes, remember that aspiring tyrants exploit such events in order to change regimes and to consolidate power.

08.05.2020 - 15:02 [ Reliefweb.int ]

New United Nations Strategy Aims at Countering Viral Hatred, COVID-19 Conspiracy Theories, Secretary-General Says, Urging World to Unite against Virus

(14.04.2020)

„As the world fights the deadly COVID-19 pandemic — the most challenging crisis we have faced since the Second World War — we are also seeing another epidemic, a dangerous epidemic of misinformation. Around the world, people are scared. They want to know what to do and where to turn for advice.“

02.05.2020 - 17:48 [ Coalition to Oppose the Arms Trade - coat.ncf.ca ]

William S. Knudsen (1879-1948)

Knudsen became president of GM in 1937 and served in that position until 1940.

That year, President Roosevelt’s National Defense Advisory Commission was revived and Knudsen was put in charge. He probably felt at home with U.S. Steel’s Edward Stettinius, a Council on Foreign Relations member who later became Secretary of State (1944-1945), and Sears’ chairman, Donald Nelson, the anti-Semite who chaired the America First Committee, an influential outfit that strongly opposed fighting Nazism. By 1941, Knudsen was co-chairing the Office of Production Management to oversee the country’s armament program. He probably felt less at home though with Roosevelt’s choice of co-chair, Sidney Hillman, a Jewish labour leader. But, all-in-all, WWII was highly profitable for Knudsen and his company. GM received $14 billion in contracts from the U.S. War Production Board, which was conveniently chaired by Knudson. GM’s vehicle factories in Germany churned out most of Hitler’s army trucks and many bomber aircraft engines for the Nazi war effort. In 1942, Knudsen was recognized in a special way by the U.S. Army. No he wasn’t arrested for conflict of interest or conspiring to arm the enemy, he became the first civilian to be made a U.S. Army General.

13.02.2020 - 18:01 [ BBC ]

Dresden: The World War Two bombing 75 years on

But the bombing has become one of the most controversial Allied acts of World War Two. Some have questioned the military value of Dresden. Even British Prime Minister Winston Churchill expressed doubts immediately after the attack.

„It seems to me that the moment has come when the question of bombing of German cities simply for the sake of increasing the terror, though under other pretexts, should be reviewed,“ he wrote in a memo.

13.02.2020 - 17:51 [ Wired.com ]

U.S. Military Taught Officers: Use ‚Hiroshima‘ Tactics for ‚Total War‘ on Islam

(18.05.2012)

International laws protecting civilians in wartime are „no longer relevant,“ Dooley continues. And that opens the possibility of applying „the historical precedents of Dresden, Tokyo, Hiroshima, Nagasaki“ to Islam’s holiest cities, and bringing about „Mecca and Medina[’s] destruction.“

Dooley’s ideological allies have repeatedly stated that „mainstream“ Muslims are dangerous, because they’re „violent“ by nature.

12.01.2020 - 19:52 [ MSNBC ]

Trump ordering Iran strike is war crime, faith leader says

(11.01.2020)

Donald Trump and the U.S. should be held accountable for war crimes for the U.S. strike against Iran, according to the Poor People’s Campaign, which has sent a letter requesting a meeting with the United Nations high commissioner for human rights to address this assertion. Bishop William Barber discusses with Joy Reid saying, ‘We were perilously close the other night to the beginning of a world war.’

07.01.2020 - 09:05 [ UN.org ]

UN cultural agency chief meets with Iran ambassador amid current tensions

UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay and Iranian Ambassador to the UN agency, Ahmad Jalali, met in Paris against a background of mounting threats between his country and the United States.

07.01.2020 - 06:03 [ International Committee of the Red Cross ]

Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. The Hague, 14 May 1954.

Recognizing that cultural property has suffered grave damage during recent armed conflicts and that, by reason of the developments in the technique of warfare, it is in increasing danger of destruction;
Being convinced that damage to cultural property belonging to any people whatsoever means damage to the cultural heritage of all mankind, since each people makes its contribution to the culture of the world;
Considering that the preservation of the cultural heritage is of great importance for all peoples of the world and that it is important that this heritage should receive international protection;
Guided by the principles concerning the protection of cultural property during armed conflict, as established in the Conventions of The Hague of 1899 and of 1907 and in the Washington Pact of 15 April 1935;
Being of the opinion that such protection cannot be effective unless both national and international measures have been taken to organize it in time of peace;
Being determined to take all possible steps to protect cultural property;
Have agreed upon the following provisions:

27.12.2019 - 16:00 [ NewsFromUkraine / Youtube ]

Joint Soviet-Nazi military parade in Poland. The history of Russian aggression.

The Battle of Brest-Litovsk took place between 14 and 17 September 1939. After three days of heavy fights for the stronghold in the town of Brześć, the Germans captured the fortress and the Poles withdrew. According to the terms of the 1939 German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact the territory around Brest as well as 52% of the then Poland was assigned to the Soviet Union. The Soviet 29th tank brigade under Brigadier Semyon Krivoshein reached the area of Brześć on September 21st and took over the fortress from the Wehrmacht. During that event a joint German-Soviet parade was held in the town, after which the German forces left the area. The XIX motorized Corps of Wehrmacht and the 29th Tank Brigade of the Red Army participated in the parade.

27.12.2019 - 15:59 [ learning-history.com ]

German-Soviet Military Parade in Brest-Litovsk

The German-Soviet military parade in Brest-Litovsk was an official ceremony held by the troops of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union on September 22, 1939, during the invasion of Poland in the city of Brest-Litovsk.

It marked the withdrawal of German troops to the demarcation line secretly agreed to in the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, and the handover of the city and its fortress to the Soviet Red Army.

27.12.2019 - 15:51 [ Haaretz ]

Putin Says Poland, Western Leaders Cooperated With Hitler

Putin cast the Molotov-Ribbentrop treaty as a move the Soviet Union was forced into following nonaggression agreements some other European nations had signed with Hitler.

He cited a 1938 agreement reached by Germany, Britain, France and Italy that allowed Hitler to annex Czechoslovakia as an example of Western leaders’ alleged “collusion” with Hitler.

11.11.2019 - 20:01 [ Antiwar.com ]

November 11: Remembering the Tragedy and Legacy of World War I

After a week of travel along the Western Front and walking among miles of cemeteries for British, Belgium, French and other soldiers killed in war, historian Adam Hochschild finds a lone, out of the way plot with a large cross and a dozen small ones honoring the 1914 Christmas truce, spontaneously celebrated by soldiers on both sides. He notes that the modest memorial was near where they had played soccer together and that on one of the small crosses someone had carved the word „imagine.“

12.07.2019 - 09:25 [ Xinhua ]

Chinese military voices strong opposition to planned U.S. arms sales to Taiwan

Taiwan is an inalienable part of China. China’s firm opposition to U.S. arms sales to Taiwan is clear and consistent, Wu said.

The erroneous actions of the U.S. side seriously violate the one-China principle and the provisions of the three China-U.S. joint communiques, interfere in China’s internal affairs, harm China’s sovereignty and security interests, seriously endanger the development of bilateral and military-to-military relations, and seriously harm peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait, he said.

12.07.2019 - 09:00 [ Japan Today ]

U.S. in call seeks to ease dispute between S Korea, Japan

Japan said last week it would end expedited shipments of chemical compounds used by South Korean companies in the manufacture of microchips and smartphones.

Tokyo is angry at South Korean court rulings that Japanese firms must compensate forced laborers from Japan’s 1910-1945 rule of the peninsula.

12.07.2019 - 08:39 [ Yonhap ]

S. Korea dismisses UNC’s alleged push to include Japan as official member

According to sources, the UNC is seeking to include Japan as one of the UNC’s „sending states,“ a move likely to inflame public sentiment in South Korea amid renewed historical tensions with Tokyo.

Should Japan obtain the membership, it would pave the way for its military involvement in the event of an armed conflict on the Korean peninsula — a scenario unthinkable for many Koreans who harbor grievances stemming from Japan’s 1910-45 colonial rule.

05.06.2019 - 18:14 [ BBC ]

D-Day: 10 things you might not know about the Normandy invasion

2. Phantom army

The Allies put a lot of effort into trying to convince the Germans that the invasion was going to be near Calais, not Normandy.

They invented phantom field armies based in Kent as part of their D-Day deception plan, named Operation Fortitude.

They built dummy equipment – including inflatable tanks – parachuted dummies, used double agents and released controlled leaks of misinformation which led the Germans to believe the Allies were going to invade via the Pas-de-Calais and Norway.

05.06.2019 - 18:09 [ NewStatesman.com ]

The month of two D-Days

The worst month was November 1942, when 721,700 tons were sunk by U-boats. At that point, the Kriegsmarine had more than 100 submarines operating in the Atlantic and, for most of the year, British code-breakers had been unable to decrypt key enemy signals because the Germans had added a fourth wheel to their Enigma machines. No wonder that the Allied Combined Chiefs of Staff stated after their Casablanca conference in January 1943, “Defeat of the U-boat must remain a first charge on the resources of [the] United Nations.”

During the course of that year, however, the situation gradually improved. The fourth wheel was cracked.

05.06.2019 - 18:07 [ Telegraph ]

D-Day commemorations: Queen pays tribute to ‚resilience of wartime generation – my generation‘ – latest news

The Queen delivered a poignant speech, paying tribute to the resilience of „the wartime generation – my generation“ as part of the D-Day commemorations in Portsmouth.

An emotionally-charged performance was watched by world leaders, royalty and hundreds of veterans in Portsmouth to mark the 75th anniversary of the landing

23.04.2019 - 16:37 [ BBC ]

Donald Trump’s state visit to the UK set for 3 June

The president and First Lady Melania Trump will be guests of the Queen and attend a ceremony in Portsmouth to mark 75 years since the D-Day landings.

He will also have official talks with the prime minister at Downing Street.

25.02.2019 - 06:06 [ historynet.com ]

Russia and Japan Set to Sign Treaty Ending World War II

(Februar / März 2009) Talk about a never-ending war. More than 60 years after World War II ended, Russia and Japan have restarted negotiations over a still-unsigned peace treaty that would finally bring a formal end to the war between the two countries.

13.02.2019 - 12:56 [ National Security Agency ]

TEMPEST: A Signal Problem

(1972) Now, let´s go back to the beginning. During World War II, the backbone systems for Army und Navy secure teletypewriter communications were one-time tapes and the primitive crypto-equipment SIGTOT. For encrypting, the Services used a Bell-telephone mixing device, called 131-B2. When one of these mixers was being tested in a Bell laboratory, a researcher noticed, quite by accident, that each time the machine stepped, a spike appeared on an oscilloscope in a distant part of the lab. After he examined these spikes more carefully, he found that he could read the plain text of the message being enciphered by the machine.

23.12.2018 - 20:17 [ BBC ]

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: Last surviving fighter, Simcha Rotem, dies at 94

Rotem was one of the dozens who survived, helped through the sewer system by Polish workers and on into surrounding forests.

He came back to fight with the Polish resistance in the 1944 Warsaw Uprising that was crushed by the Nazis after 63 days, with many accusing the advancing Soviets of failing to help.

11.11.2018 - 15:09 [ CNN ]

World pauses to mark WWI Armistice centenary

World leaders gathered in Paris to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the WWI Armistice.
French President Emmanuel Macron addressed the leaders at a ceremony at the Arc de Triomphe.
Queen Elizabeth II and German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier laid wreaths in a ceremony at the Cenotaph in central London.
US President Donald Trump canceled a trip on Saturday to a cemetery for fallen US soldiers because of scheduling difficulties and bad weather.

10.11.2018 - 06:39 [ BBC ]

France’s Macron pushes for ‚true European army‘

(6.8.2018) French President Emmanuel Macron has warned that Europeans cannot be protected without a „true, European army“, as he marks the centenary of the World War One Armistice.

On a visit to the former Western Front in Verdun, he said Russia had shown it could be a threat and Europe had to be able „to defend itself better alone“.

22.10.2018 - 17:09 [ New York Times ]

Joachim Ronneberg, Leader of Raid That Thwarted a Nazi Atomic Bomb, Dies at 99

Joachim Ronneberg in 2015. In 1943, as a World War II resistance fighter, he commanded a daring mission to blow up a heavy-water plant in Norway, helping sabotage Hitler’s nuclear program.