Archiv: sanctions


28.06.2022 - 23:32 [ Demoracy Now! ]

France Says Western Powers Should Open Oil Markets to Iran and Venezuela

President Nicolás Maduro: “I would tell President Macron: Venezuela is ready to receive all the French companies that want to come to produce gas and petrol for the European market, for the global market. You are welcome to come whenever. The road is paved. We are prepared, ready and happy to do it.”

28.06.2022 - 09:13 [ AFP News Agency / Nitter.net ]

#BREAKING France wants oil from Iran, Venezuela back on the market: Macron’s office

(19 hours ago)

28.06.2022 - 09:06 [ Reuters ]

Powers need to study all oil options, including Iran, Venezuela -France

„There are resources elsewhere that need to be explored,“ a French official said on the sidelines of a G7 summit in Germany, when asked about how to alleviate high oil prices.

28.06.2022 - 09:01 [ Statecraft.co.in ]

Maduro Forms Energy Commission With Kuwait, Continuing Pushback Against US “Blackmail”

(15.06.2022)

In Kuwait on Tuesday, the fourth stop of his tour of the Middle East and North Africa, Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro, formed a joint oil and gas commission aimed at strengthening the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC+) and stabilising global oil prices.

28.06.2022 - 08:52 [ marketwatch.com ]

Oil prices end higher as the U.S. announces new sanctions on Iran

(16.06.2022)

Oil futures climbed on Thursday, shaking off early losses from economic growth worries in the wake of the Federal Reserve’s latest interest-rate hike, to finish higher after the U.S. announced new economic sanctions on Iran.

28.06.2022 - 08:23 [ FinancialPost.com ]

Oil rises $2/bbl after G7 vows new Russian sanctions

Oil rose $2 a barrel on Monday on the prospect of even tighter supplies loomed over the market as the Group of Seven nations promised to tighten the squeeze on Russian President Vladimir Putin’s war chest while actually lowering energy prices.

25.06.2022 - 06:37 [ YnetNews.com ]

Zelensky says Israel not doing enough to support Ukraine

He also said he expects Israel to join the sanctions imposed by the West. „Unfortunately, we haven’t seen Israel joining yet,“ he said.

24.06.2022 - 04:41 [ BalkanInsight.com ]

Western Balkans Leaders Voice Frustration over EU Summit Failure

“I believe that our friends from Skopje and Tirana deserve the start of EU talks and I believe this should happen as soon as possible, which is not a matter of request, because both countries have done everything that was asked of them,” Vucic added.

He thanked Kovacevski and Rama for their “understanding” for Serbia’s unique position in its relations to Russia and for it not aligning with the EU on sanctions against Moscow over the war in Ukraine.

08.06.2022 - 06:10 [ Interfax.com.ua ]

EU excludes cloud services from 6th sanctions package for unknown reasons – Podoliak

„At first, the EU Council announces the blockage of Russia from EU cloud services in the Sixth Sanction Package. Then, the EU Council edits the message, removing these references. No clarifications or explanations from the officials,“ Podoliak said on Twitter.

„We must increase the sanctions pressure, not decrease,“ the adviser to the head of the President’s Office said.

07.05.2022 - 10:41 [ Bernie's Tweets / Twitter ]

CHINA – Every dot is a vessel stacked in queues at all ports, not just Shanghai. China’s lockdown policies will cripple western supply chains, destroy businesses and weaken economies & governments. Almost like sanctions.

04.05.2022 - 09:22 [ Reuters ]

EU to remove Sberbank, two other Russian banks from SWIFT

The European Commission proposed on Wednesday to remove Russia’s biggest bank Sberbank and two other banks from the international SWIFT transaction and messaging system in another blow to the Russian financial system over the war in Ukraine.

29.04.2022 - 11:48 [ James Melville / Twitter ]

The lockdown in Shanghai is causing a massive logjam in maritime cargo transportation. A fifth of the world’s containerships are currently stuck in congestion. The largest share are stuck offshore around China. The global supply chain repercussions are enormous. Cause and effect.

22.04.2022 - 17:25 [ Interfax.com.ua ]

Russia to remain under sanctions if there is no peace agreement on Ukraine – German Chancellor

„Russia is in a very difficult situation, the sanctions are seriously damaging the Russian economy,“ Scholz told Spiegel.

„A cold peace that is not secured by an agreement will not free Russia from sanctions,“ the chancellor added.

14.04.2022 - 04:43 [ Kavan Lamy / Twitter ]

Iran committing suicide right here, extremely foolish.

(12 March, 2022)

05.04.2022 - 20:51 [ Seán Kelly MEP, MEP Ireland South | Leader @FineGael in EP / Twitter ]

Images of the massacre of civilians in #Bucha and the Russian war crimes in Ukraine are truly heartbreaking. Along with 207 MEPs, the @FineGael Delegation is calling for an embargo on Russian energy imports, exclusion of ALL Russian banks from SWIFT + ban Russia from EU ports.

05.04.2022 - 20:29 [ Inna Sovsun, Member of #Ukraine Parliament / Twitter ]

The EU boasted of #Russia’s disconnection from SWIFT. But they shut down only 7 of 300 banks. The largest bank, Sberbank, evaded sanctions. And Gazprombank too.

This bank helped Russian Defense Ministry buy unmanned aerial vehicles & electronic reconnaissance equipment.

05.04.2022 - 20:23 [ bank-code.net ]

GAZPRUMM XXX – SWIFT Code (BIC) – GAZPROMBANK (JOINT – STOCK COMPANY) in MOSCOW – RUSSIAN FEDERATION

GAZPRUMM swift code is the unique bank identifier for GAZPROMBANK (JOINT – STOCK COMPANY)’s head office branch located in MOSCOW – RUSSIAN FEDERATION and it’s used to verify financial transactions such as a bank wire transfers (international wire transfers). Check the GAZPRUMMXXX SWIFT / BIC code details below.

05.04.2022 - 20:18 [ BBC ]

EU targets Russian coal and ships in new sanctions

EU officials had earlier indicated the focus would be on enforcing existing measures.

03.04.2022 - 06:12 [ theGuardian.com ]

Russia and India will find ways to trade despite sanctions, says Lavrov

Russian foreign minister meets Narendra Modi and praises India’s refusal to condemn Ukraine invasion

03.04.2022 - 05:59 [ IndiaToday.in ]

US warns India against buying discounted oil from Russia

The United States said India should not increase its oil imports from Russia and it could expose New Delhi to a „great risk“. Reports said the US might be looking to slap sanctions on the purchase of Russian oil.

01.04.2022 - 22:30 [ apnews.com ]

China rejects sanctions as Ukraine war tops summit agenda

At a virtual summit, European Council President Charles Michel, Commission President Ursula von der Leyen and EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell sought signs from Chinese President and Communist Party leader Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang that Beijing would help to end the war in Ukraine.

27.03.2022 - 16:22 [ New Yorker ]

Naftali Bennett’s Calculated Effort to Engage with Vladimir Putin on Ukraine—and Iran

(March 14, 2022)

Bennett, like Netanyahu, has been a fierce opponent of the Iran nuclear deal, which lifts sanctions on Iranian trade. The Biden Administration and its European allies want the deal, but, in the Moscow meeting with Bennett, Putin elaborated on a new roadblock to its signing. Sanctions imposed on Russia by the U.S. and European powers mean that any third-party company or government entity that trades with Russia may itself be sanctioned. Putin now insists that Russia’s support for the final deal is contingent on its being able to trade freely with Iran—which the original deal allowed.

26.03.2022 - 20:59 [ ForeignPolicy.com ]

Biden Should Punish Saudi Arabia for Backing Russia

Riyadh could make a difference in oil markets but has chosen to side with fellow authoritarians rather than the United States.

26.03.2022 - 12:02 [ theAsianIndependent.co.uk ]

US will introduce new UNSC resolution to strengthen sanctions on N.Korea: Envoy

(today)

It was however, not immediately clear when the US plans to introduce the new UNSC resolution

26.03.2022 - 10:36 [ Olivia Dalton / Twitter ]

During today’s #UN Security Council meeting on North Korea’s ballistic missile launches, @USAmbUN Linda Thomas-Greenfield announced that the United States will be introducing a Chapter VII Security Council resolution to update and strengthen the sanctions regime.

26.03.2022 - 10:18 [ Reuters ]

U.S. urges China and Russia to send strong message to North Korea after missile launch

(25.03.2022)

China and Russia should tell North Korea to avoid more „provocations“ after it resumed intercontinental ballistic missile testing this week, U.S. State Department spokesperson Jalina Porter said on Friday.

15.03.2022 - 15:06 [ יאיר לפיד - Yair Lapid, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Israel / Twitter ]

Israel, like Slovakia, condemns the Russian invasion of Ukraine, and calls for an end to the fighting. There is no justification for violating Ukraine’s territorial integrity, and there is no justification for attacks on a civilian population.

(14.03.2022)

15.03.2022 - 15:01 [ יאיר לפיד - Yair Lapid, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Israel ]

Israel will not be a route to bypass sanctions imposed on Russia by the United States & other western countries.

(14.03.2022)

@IsraelMFA is coordinating the issue together with partners including the Bank of Israel, @Israel_MOF, @Misrad_Calcala, the Airports Authority, @Energy_IL, & others.

15.03.2022 - 14:56 [ Haaretz ]

U.S. Growing Alarmed Over Israel’s Safe Harbor for Russian Oligarchs

(13.03.2022)

Washington is signaling to Israel that joining the economic pressure on Putin’s regime, including the oligarchs closest to him, is more important than mediating between Russia and Ukraine

13.03.2022 - 17:43 [ @MattBoxer94 / Twitter ]

The JCPOA is dead

13.03.2022 - 17:33 [ Kavan Lamy / Twitter ]

Iran committing suicide right here, extremely foolish.

13.03.2022 - 17:21 [ Middle East Eye ]

Erbil missile attack: Iran’s Revolutionary Guard claims responsibility

Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) on Sunday claimed responsibility for a ballistic missile attack on Erbil, the capital of Iraq’s semi-autonomous Kurdistan region, saying it was targeting an Israeli „strategic centre“.

Around a dozen missiles rained down on the city at 1am on Sunday morning.

13.03.2022 - 11:45 [ Times of Israel ]

As Israel avoids sanctioning oligarchs, 14 private jets arrive from Russia — report

Fourteen private jets that have taken off from Russia have landed at Ben Gurion Airport in the past 10 days, Channel 12 news reported Friday, as Israel continues to avoid joining Western sanctions against Russian oligarchs in the wake of Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine.

09.03.2022 - 15:22 [ Imran Khan, Prime Minister of Pakistan,15.3M Followers / Twitter ]

Earlier today I spoke with EU Council President @CharlesMichel about the Ukraine situation. Shared concern over continued military conflict, highlighted its adverse economic impact on developing countries, stressed urgent need for ceasefire & de-escalation.

(07.03.2022)

09.03.2022 - 15:14 [ Asia Times ]

Khan duels with EU on Russia-Ukraine ‘neutrality’

Many analysts attribute Pakistan’s “neutrality” in the Ukrainian crisis to the country’s growing military and economic dependence on China, which is an ally of Russia. Beijing has refused to refer to Russia’s intervention in Ukraine as an “invasion” and blamed the US and West for precipitating the crisis.

27.02.2022 - 09:16 [ Regierung des Vereinigten Königreichs - Gov.uk ]

Joint Statement on Further Restrictive Economic Measures: 26 February 2022

Specifically, we commit to undertake the following measures:

First, we commit to ensuring that selected Russian banks are removed from the SWIFT messaging system. This will ensure that these banks are disconnected from the international financial system and harm their ability to operate globally.

Second, we commit to imposing restrictive measures that will prevent the Russian Central Bank from deploying its international reserves in ways that undermine the impact of our sanctions.

Third, we commit to acting against the people and entities who facilitate the war in Ukraine and the harmful activities of the Russian government. Specifically, we commit to taking measures to limit the sale of citizenship—so called golden passports—that let wealthy Russians connected to the Russian government become citizens of our countries and gain access to our financial systems.

Fourth, we commit to launching this coming week a transatlantic task force that will ensure the effective implementation of our financial sanctions by identifying and freezing the assets of sanctioned individuals and companies that exist within our jurisdictions. As a part of this effort we are committed to employing sanctions and other financial and enforcement measures on additional Russian officials and elites close to the Russian government, as well as their families, and their enablers to identify and freeze the assets they hold in our jurisdictions. We will also engage other governments and work to detect and disrupt the movement of ill-gotten gains, and to deny these individuals the ability to hide their assets in jurisdictions across the world.

Finally, we will step up or coordination against disinformation and other forms of hybrid warfare.

26.02.2022 - 17:55 [ Dmytro Kuleba, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine / Twitter ]

Call with my French counterpart @JY_LeDrian . France supports banning Russia from SWIFT. I urged to immediately introduce the third package of EU sanctions to stop Russian invasion. France is also ready to supply weapons and military equipment to help Ukraine defend itself.

26.02.2022 - 15:35 [ Russia in India / Twitter ]

Highly appreciate India’s independent and balanced position at the voting in the UNSC on February 25, 2022. In the spirit of the special and privileged strategic partnership Russia is committed to maintain close dialogue with India on the situation around Ukraine

26.02.2022 - 15:24 [ ResponsibleStatecraft.org ]

US-backed Middle East states cozy up to Russia during Ukraine invasion

A few months later, the Ukrainian government asked the U.S. government to purchase the Iron Dome anti-missile system. Because the Iron Dome is a joint U.S.-Israeli project, the sale also required permission from the Israeli government, which Israel reportedly refused to grant.

That refusal was not based on any concern with whether the sale was a good idea for Eastern Europe, but on Israel’s desire to maintain a good relationship with Russia, according to the Times of Israel. Russia, which has forces stationed in Syria, gives Israel tacit permission to intervene in the Syrian civil war.

24.02.2022 - 06:22 [ White House ]

Statement by President Joe Biden on Phone Call with President Volodymyr Zelenskyy of Ukraine

He asked me to call on the leaders of the world to speak out clearly against President Putin’s flagrant aggression, and to stand with the people of Ukraine. Tomorrow, I will be meeting with the Leaders of the G7, and the United States and our Allies and partners will be imposing severe sanctions on Russia.

23.02.2022 - 08:47 [ Telegraph.co.uk ]

The Russian oligarchs threatened with ‚unprecedented‘ sanctions amid Ukraine crisis

Billionaires Gennady Timchenko, Boris Rotenberg and Igor Rotenberg identified for economic penalties by UK Government

23.02.2022 - 07:34 [ AsiaTimes.com ]

China takes rare earth aim at Raytheon and Lockheed

Early this month, Washington approved a deal for the two firms to provide maintenance services to Taiwan’s missile defense systems worth US$100 million. The latest round of Chinese sanctions marks its third salvo, with previous punitive measures imposed in 2019 and 2020.

State media said without Chinese rare earth minerals, the two US firms’ production would be seriously disrupted.

23.02.2022 - 06:15 [ Telegraph.co.uk ]

Vladimir Putin controls the supply chain of western technology, so who is bluffing?

Putin has the means to cut off critical minerals and gases needed to sustain the West’s supply chain for semiconductor chips, upping the ante in the middle of a worldwide chip crunch.

Furthermore, he could hobble the aerospace and armaments industry in the US and Europe by restricting supply of titanium, palladium, and other metals.

If he controlled Ukraine, his control over key strategic minerals would be even more dominant, giving him leverage akin to Opec’s energy stranglehold in 1973.

22.02.2022 - 05:44 [ President Biden / Twitter ]

I have signed an Executive Order to deny Russia the chance to profit from its blatant violations of international law. We are continuing to closely consult with Allies and partners, including Ukraine, on next steps.

28.11.2021 - 18:57 [ theGuardian.com ]

Notorious Pegasus spyware faces its day of reckoning

If you were compiling a list of the most toxic tech companies, Facebook – strangely – would not come out on top. First place belongs to NSO, an outfit of which most people have probably never heard. Wikipedia tells us that “NSO Group is an Israeli technology firm primarily known for its proprietary spyware Pegasus, which is capable of remote zero-click surveillance of smartphones”.

Pause for a moment on that phrase: “remote zero-click surveillance of smartphones”.

03.11.2021 - 17:40 [ Haaretz ]

U.S. Blacklists Israeli Cyberarms Firms NSO, Candiru for Harming ‚National Security and Interests‘

„NSO Group and Candiru (Israel) were added to the Entity List based on evidence that these entities developed and supplied spyware to foreign governments,“ the statement read, adding that the spyware’s tools were used „to maliciously target government officials, journalists, businesspeople, activists, academics, and embassy workers.“

27.10.2021 - 13:45 [ .theHinduBusinessLine.com ]

What has the US-China trade ‘war’ achieved?

(04.10.2021)

On July 6, 2018, US President Donald Trump unilaterally imposed a 25 per cent tariff on Chinese imports of around $34 billion, and further tariffs in 2018 and 2019 — claiming that trade between US and China had been unfairly skewed in China’s favour and needed to be rebalanced. The ostensible reason put forward was the persistence of what were called “unfair trade practices” and “technology theft” by China.

Thereafter, the trade war has continued into the administration of President Joe Biden, and morphed into a technology war, which is probably what it was always about.

22.10.2021 - 07:36 [ tass.com ]

Putin thanks Europe for sanctions, noting good effect of countermeasures for Russia

„Thanks to the Europeans for sanctions in agriculture. <...> For sanctions in general, but we introduced countermeasures related to agriculture, invested the appropriate resources, by the way, not only in agriculture, but also in the import substitution in this industry. And I should say, the effect is good. I had a feeling of anxiety first, I do not hide it, but the overall effect is very good, „Putin said on Thursday, speaking at a meeting of the Valdai International Club.

Putin noted that Russia is increasing food supplies to the world market.

20.10.2021 - 08:43 [ Financial Times ]

UK supply chain crisis to last until at least 2023, business leaders warn

With materials costs rising 30 to 40 per cent as the global economy struggles to reopen after Covid-19 shutdowns and international freight rates up 10-fold from pre-pandemic levels, manufacturing groups said inflation was now “baked in” to the UK economy.

Wright said inflation in the food and hospitality sector was running at a “terrifying” 14 to 18 per cent.

20.10.2021 - 08:03 [ Bloomberg ]

U.S. Factory Output Falls in Fresh Supply-Chain Warning

Production at U.S. factories fell by the most in seven months in September, in part reflecting a sharp pullback in the manufacturing of motor vehicles as well as broader backlogged supply chains and materials shortages.

04.10.2021 - 03:44 [ Nikkei.com ]

U.S. sanctions spur China and Russia to build up cross-border links

(29.09.2021)

In December 2019, Russia’s state-run Gazprom began operating the Power of Siberia — a natural gas pipeline connecting the Russian Far East and northeastern China. Another pipeline is in the works.

China and Russia plan to increase bilateral trade to $200 billion in 2024.

02.10.2021 - 15:59 [ CNBC ]

The U.S. and EU discuss ways to solve the global chip shortage: Here’s what you need to know

(30.09.2021)

In addition, although the final statement doesn’t mention China, some of the pledges certainly seemed to be targeted at Beijing.

“We intend to work closely together to address non-market, trade-distortive policies and practices, improve the effectiveness of our respective domestic measures,” the U.S. and the EU said.

Officials have on numerous occasions criticized Beijing for not giving the same level of access to foreign business as to what is granted to Chinese companies abroad.

01.09.2021 - 18:53 [ argusmedia.com ]

Iran nuclear talks return may be months away: Minister

Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, in comments reported widely in Iranian state-owned media, said: „The other side understands that it will take two or three months for the new government in Iran to be established and be able to plan.“

Iran’s new President Ebrahim Raisi has said that his government would support any initiative that works towards the ending of US sanctions, but …

01.09.2021 - 18:41 [ Radio Utopie ]

Why are the state leaders of China and Russia complying with U.S. sanctions against Iran, Venezuela, Syria, and Cuba?

(07.08.2021)

Because they want to.

01.09.2021 - 18:35 [ Mehr News ]

Iran not to sacrifice its interests for US return to JCPOA

The current US administration has not yet fulfilled the promises Joe Biden made during his presidential elections campaigns to undo Trump’s actions and return to the deal. In the meantime, Tehran has also stressed that the Biden administration’s return to the agreement without lifting the sanctions is not important at all.

07.08.2021 - 06:38 [ Radio Utopie ]

Why are the state leaders of China and Russia complying with U.S. sanctions against Iran, Venezuela, Syria, and Cuba?

Because they want to.

07.08.2021 - 05:07 [ Presstv.ir ]

Iran rejects any limit to oil exports after Russian envoy’s tweet

His remarks came in response to his Russian counterpart Mikhail Ulyanov’s tweet that hoped after the removal of the sanctions, „Iran will join efforts of OPEC+ to maintain the oil market stability“.

„This would be merely a national decision rather than a decision to be taken through joint efforts,“ Gharibabadi responded.

05.08.2021 - 18:02 [ Haaretz ]

In Swearing-in Ceremony, Hardliner Raisi Says Iran Opposes Nuclear Weapons, Demands End to Sanctions

Hardline cleric Ebrahim Raisi used his inaugural speech as Iran’s president on Thursday to insist that the Iranian nuclear program was peaceful, to call for international sanctions against Iran to be lifted and to vow that his country would stand against oppression everywhere, from Europe to Palestine.

01.08.2021 - 08:26 [ Ynetnews.com ]

Netanyahu in 1993: Iran will have bomb by 1999

(04.03.2015)

The prime minister has been warning for over 20 years that Tehran is close to achieving its pursuit of nuclear weapons.

01.08.2021 - 07:41 [ Gregory Brew / Twitter ]

Khamenei striking a defiant, pessimistic tone in his final address to the outgoing Rouhani admin. Says that #JCPOA talks are not close to concluding, lashes out at US for not dropping sanctions, and notes US wants to commit #Iran to a new, broader deal.

(28.07.2021)

01.08.2021 - 07:31 [ theHill.com0 ]

Biden ramps up pressure on Iran as it grapples with protests

The options on the table for the U.S., which are said to include tighter restrictions on Iran’s oil exports as well as new sanctions on its missile and drone programs, are likely to further strain tensions amid the months-long efforts to revive the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the formal name for the Obama-era nuclear deal that the U.S. exited in 2018 under then-President Trump.

28.07.2021 - 12:35 [ Amnesty International ]

Joint open letter by civil society organizations and independent experts calling on states to implement an immediate moratorium on the sale, transfer and use of surveillance technology

The investigation has so far also identified at least 180 journalists in 20 countries who were selected for potential targeting with NSO spyware between 2016 to June 2021. Deeply concerning details that have emerged include evidence that family members of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi were targeted with Pegasus software before and after his murder in Istanbul on 2 October 2018 by Saudi operatives,despite repeated denials from NSO Group that its products were used to target Khashoggi or his family members.

The revelations are only a tip of the iceberg.

27.07.2021 - 17:10 [ Dave DeCamp / Antiwar.com ]

Top US and Chinese Diplomats Hold ‘Frank and Open Discussion’

The meeting came amid heightened tensions between Washington and Beijing and marked the first high-level meeting since Secretary of State Antony Blinken met with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi in Alaska in March. Sherman met with Wang and Vice Foreign Minister Xie Feng.

27.07.2021 - 07:34 [ Haaretz ]

U.S. Lawmakers Call for Punitive Measures Against Israeli NSO Over Spyware Allegations

Finally, the four House Democrats call to „investigate and assess the possible targeting of American journalists, aid works, diplomats and others’ with NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware, determine whether America’s national security was harmed, and take steps to protect all Americans, including federal employees, from the threat posed by the growing mercenary spyware industry.“

23.07.2021 - 21:36 [ France24 ]

Iran’s new oil terminal aims to bypass Gulf chokepoint, say analysts

A new Iranian oil terminal that opened this week is a strategic move that enables the major crude exporter to bypass a global chokepoint and boost sales if punishing US sanctions are lifted, analysts say.

12.07.2021 - 16:32 [ Saeed Ghasseminejad / Twitter ]

Zarif reports to Majlis that the Biden administration so far has agreed to lift almost all sanctions including all sectoral sanctions, IRGC FTO, supreme leader’s office … According to Zarif all banks, including CBI, will be removed from the sanction list except one.

According to Zarif Biden has agreed to annul these executive order:
13781, 13902, 13876 (Khamenei and his office), 13846 (partially), 13754, 13590, 13622, 13645, 13628

According to Zarif the Biden administration has agreed to suspend these laws:
National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) of 2012
Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act (TRA)
Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act, (IFCA)
Iran Sanctions Act (ISA)

12.07.2021 - 16:29 [ Sina Azodi / Twitter ]

Iran’s FM @JZarif has submitted his 22nd report on the implementation of JCPOA to Majlis. Thread on the details of negotiations.

26.06.2021 - 13:16 [ Presstv.ir ]

US says may walk away from Vienna talks, not to remove all sanctions

Secretary of State Antony Blinken has sought to take pressure off the US by saying that it will become “very hard” to return to the 2015 Iran nuclear agreement if negotiations in Vienna continue without progress.

Washington is dragging its feet on removing sanctions despite having declared that it is ready to undo the wrongs of the former Trump administration which abandoned the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) in 2018.

26.06.2021 - 13:11 [ Washington Post ]

State Dept. official says talks with Iran over reviving nuclear deal cannot last ‘indefinitely’

(24.06.2021)

Indirect U.S. negotiations with Iran over reviving the 2015 nuclear deal cannot go on “indefinitely”without success, a senior State Department official said following the completion in Vienna of a sixth round of talks.

“We’ve made progress” and “the Iranians have been serious,” the official said in a briefing for reporters Thursday. “But we do have differences, and if we can’t bridge them in the foreseeable future, we’re going to have to regroup.”

19.06.2021 - 11:32 [ Haaretz ]

U.S. to Withdraw Hundreds of Troops, Air Defense Systems From Across Middle East, WSJ Reports

The report, confirmed by administration officials to the paper, said that the Pentagon will withdraw around eight Patriot antimissile batteries from countries including Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan and Saudi Arabia.

The U.S. will also reduce the number of fighter jet squadrons in Saudi Arabia, as well as ordering the removal of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense, or THAAD, from the kingdom.

19.06.2021 - 10:59 [ PressTV.com ]

Ebrahim Raeisi wins presidential race by landslide, preliminary results show

Iranian Deputy Interior Minister Jamal Orf said 28.6 million Iranians participated in the election, and with around 90% of the votes counted, Raeisi garnered over 17.8 million votes, followed by Mohsen Rezaei who secured 3.3 million.

Nasser Hemmati garnered 2.4 million votes, and Amir-Hossein Ghazizadeh-Hashemi won almost one million votes.

20.05.2021 - 13:47 [ Press TV ]

Vienna talks: Significant progress made, key issues remain unresolved

Iranian lead delegate Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araqchi said the issues that needed resolution were difficult. Araqchi said Iran is standing firm on its position that the US needs to fully lift all sanctions in a verifiable manner before Tehran can take action to come back to full compliance with the JCPOA.

Reports indicate that though the US has agreed to ease sanctions on various sectors like oil and gas, banking, shipping and insurance there are still differences on sanctioned individuals and entities including Iran’s Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC).

20.05.2021 - 13:44 [ Haaretz ]

Iran’s Rohani Says ‚Agreement in Principle‘ Has Been Achieved in Nuke Talks

“All parties to the talks have agreed to lift all major sanctions on oil, petrochemicals, shipping, insurance, the central bank and so on,” he said.

On Wednesday, Enrique Mora, the EU official leading the talks, said that he was confident a deal would be reached as the negotiations adjourned, although European diplomats said success was not guaranteed with very difficult issues remaining.

04.05.2021 - 19:11 [ menafn.com ]

US dollar decreases against Iranian currency rial

Sources close to the US government stated that the restoration of the deal may permit Iran to improve its oil exports as confronting no curbs on its banking system and ports operations, adding that Washington would lift oil, banking, and ports sanctions from Iran to let Tehran resume compliance with the JCPOA.

14.04.2021 - 13:05 [ BBC ]

Iran nuclear deal: Shadow of sabotage hangs over critical talks

A shadow war between Israel and Iran hangs ominously over the resumption of critical talks in Vienna on Wednesday, aimed at returning Iran and the US to the 2015 nuclear agreement.

06.04.2021 - 22:44 [ apnews.com ]

World powers seek to bring US back into Iran nuclear deal

“The restoration of JCPOA will not happen immediately. It will take some time. How long? Nobody knows,” he wrote. “The most important thing after today’s meeting of the Joint Commission is that practical work towards achieving this goal has started.”

05.04.2021 - 19:44 [ France24 ]

Iran urges Europe to lean on US on lifting sanctions

Britain, France and Germany are pushing to bring US President Joe Biden’s administration back into the 2015 nuclear deal, after his predecessor Donald Trump’s withdrew and reimposed sanctions on Iran.

The other participants, including China and Russia, are to meet Tuesday in-person in the Austrian capital, with the United States indirectly taking part.

03.04.2021 - 00:56 [ Haaretz ]

Biden Administration Lifts Trump Sanctions on ICC Officials

The move comes nearly one month after ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda announced the decision to open a formal investigation into war crimes in the Palestinian Territories, which will examine both sides in the conflict

27.03.2021 - 19:06 [ HellenicShippingNews.com ]

China’s crude imports from Oman, UAE jump as Iranian barrels fall

(23.03.2021)

China brought in 3.42 million tonnes of U.S. oil in the two-month period, versus zero from a year earlier.

27.03.2021 - 19:01 [ Hindustan Times ]

UAE sheikh lays claim to oil cargo that US seized alleging Iran’s

(14.03.2021)

The case underscores the difficulty the US faces as it tries to bar Iran from generating income from energy sales and pressure it into re-starting nuclear talks.

While shipments of Iranian oil have slumped due to threat of US penalties, they have picked in recent months, though their origin is often disguised. The main buyers are refiners in China.

27.03.2021 - 18:02 [ France24 ]

China and Iran sign 25-year strategic cooperation agreement

The Chinese and Iranian foreign ministers on Saturday signed a 25-year cooperation agreement between the two allies in a ceremony carried live on state television.

25.03.2021 - 20:56 [ Global Research / Prof Michel Chossudovsky ]

Anthony Blinken at NATO Summit: Nord Stream 2 Is “Bad for Europe”, “Bad for the US”

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken was categorical; At the NATO venue in Brussels on March 23, he stated in no uncertain terms that Nord Stream 2 was a bad idea. “Bad for Europe, bad for the US”

19.03.2021 - 23:47 [ Haaretz ]

Israel Has Struck at Least 12 Ships Carrying Iranian Oil to Syria, Report Says

(11.03.2021)

The naval attacks had not been reported before Thursday.

12.03.2021 - 11:50 [ Grayzone ]

Biden Iran envoy boasted of depriving civilians of food, driving up Iranian inequality in sadistic sanctions manual

Richard Nephew has taken personal credit for depriving Iranians of food and driving up their unemployment rates, celebrating the economic destruction he caused as “a tremendous success.” Under Biden, he will help direct policy on Iran.

10.03.2021 - 12:17 [ teleSUR ]

Biden Reviews Sanctions on Cuba, Policy Change Not a Priority

„A Cuba policy shift is not currently among President Biden’s top priorities,“ the White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki told reporters. This, as pressure grows within the U.S. Congress to resume the Obama-era exchange canceled by Trump and to lift the 59 years blockade.

22.02.2021 - 06:44 [ Haaretz ]

Biden’s Diplomacy Train Is Headed Straight for Iran, With No Stop in Israel

Iranian government spokesman Ali Rabiei hinted at the likely response when he said that Tehran “can confidently predict that diplomatic initiatives will work well [to achieve] the desired outcome,” adding that the “diplomatic back-and-forths” are “the natural prelude to the return of all sides to commitments including the lifting of all sanctions in the near future.” If his statements reflect Tehran’s official position, then Iran evidently doesn’t intent to await the results of its presidential election in June, but is willing to begin talks now to exploit the momentum Biden has created.

22.02.2021 - 06:39 [ Javad Zarif, Foreign Minister of Islamic Republic of Iran / Twitter ]

There is a path forward, with a logical sequence: #CommitActMeet As the offending side, US must take corrective measures: -commit to JCPOA -effectively fulfill obligations Iran would reciprocate immediately by reversing its remedial measures.

17.02.2021 - 09:44 [ Newsweek ]

Two-Thirds of Middle East Experts Want Biden to Return to Iran Deal Without Conditions: Poll

The Middle East Scholar Barometer found that 67 percent of respondents said the foreign policy strategy that was most likely to produce „favorable results“ for the U.S. would be Biden returning „immediately“ to the current Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) before negotiating any other conditions with Iran. Also in the survey, released Tuesday, 75 percent of experts said the U.S. returning to the deal would reduce the likelihood of Iran getting a nuclear weapon within the next decade.

04.02.2021 - 12:32 [ WorldOil.com ]

U.S. signals Biden’s tough stance on Iran with new oil seizure attempt

(03.02.2021)

The Achilleas’ owner, Capital Ship Management Corp., alerted U.S. authorities to the possibility that it had unknowingly taken on Iranian crude, after initially thinking it came from Iraq, Bloomberg reported last month.

Washington ordered the Liberia-flagged ship to sail to the U.S. before Biden came to power on Jan. 20, according to people familiar with the matter.

04.02.2021 - 12:27 [ Bloomberg ]

U.S. Moves to Seize Oil Shipment It Says Iran Exported Covertly

(03.02.2021)

The U.S. has gone to court to seize 2 million barrels of oil that it claims came from Iran, as Joe Biden’s administration shows little sign of taking a softer line on Tehran.

The Department of Justice filed a case in a U.S. district court, seeking to seize the cargo on the Greek-owned Achilleas tanker, according to a statement on Tuesday.

04.02.2021 - 11:55 [ thewrap.com ]

Tucker Carlson Thinks Biden Is Trying to Start a War With Iran (Video)

“Just a few hours ago, Biden officials informed us that after almost 65 years of working to build a nuclear weapon, the nation of Iran may be finally — and you’ll find this amazing — quote just weeks away from getting a bomb. After 65 years of trying. What a coincidence,” Tucker said, dishonestly omitting the key detail that Iran restarted its nuclear program because Donald Trump pulled out of the Iran nuclear deal.

04.02.2021 - 11:53 [ Newsweek ]

Biden Administration Dodges Iran Offer to Coordinate Nuclear Deal Return

(02.02.2021)

„If Iran comes back into full compliance with its obligations under the JCPOA, the United States would do the same,“ State Department spokesperson Ned Price told reporters at his first press conference Tuesday, „and then we would then use that as a platform to build a longer and a stronger agreement that also addresses other areas of concern.“

04.02.2021 - 11:51 [ Al Jazeera ]

Iran’s Zarif proposes coordinated return to nuclear deal with US

(02.02.2021)

In an interview with CNN on Monday, Mohammad Javad Zarif said the Iran nuclear deal, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), created a joint commission coordinated by the EU’s foreign policy chief.

04.02.2021 - 11:48 [ theHill.com ]

Biden faces deadline pressure on Iran deal

(31.01.2021)

Iran’s parliament has set a Feb. 21 deadline for European signatories to the JCPOA to ease restrictions on the country’s banking and oil industries that are under pressure from Trump’s sanctions. If that deadline is not met, Tehran has vowed to end access for UN nuclear inspectors and further increase uranium enrichment.

“If the new administration does not meet its obligations and remove sanctions in short order, it will destroy the possibility for engagement within the nuclear agreement,” Iran’s ambassador to the United Nations Majid Takht-Ravanchi wrote in The New York Times on Wednesday.

17.01.2021 - 11:00 [ Bloomberg ]

President Biden Won’t Unlock a Wave of Iranian Crude

There was strong opposition to the Iran nuclear deal in the U.S., from both Republicans and Democrats, when it was negotiated back in 2015, which prevented it from being ratified by the Senate. That opposition remains.

04.10.2020 - 02:33 [ Al Arabiya ]

EU removes Libya’s Aguila Saleh from sanctions list

Aguila Saleh, leader of a rival parliament in eastern Libya, no longer faces EU travel bans and asset freezes imposed four years ago, the EU said, confirming a Reuters report on September 9 that the so-called de-listing was planned.

22.09.2020 - 07:09 [ New York Times ]

Trying to Hammer Iran With U.N. Sanctions, U.S. Issues More of Its Own

Four cabinet secretaries, the White House national security adviser and the American ambassador to the United Nations announced the additional penalties at the State Department, two days after the administration said it had unilaterally reimposed U.N. sanctions against Iran — a declaration European allies have balked at and the U.N. Security Council has refused to recognize.

22.09.2020 - 07:00 [ ArabNews.com ]

US says all UN sanctions on Iran restored

(20.09.2020)

WASHINGTON: The Trump administration declared Saturday that all UN sanctions against Iran have been restored, a move most of the rest of the world rejects as illegal and sets the stage for an ugly showdown at the world body ahead of its annual General Assembly.

20.09.2020 - 13:39 [ Al Arabiya ]

EU to sanction 3 companies over Libya arms supplies: Diplomats

The European Union is set to announce sanctions on Monday against three companies from Turkey, Jordan and Kazakhstan which are accused of violating a UN arms embargo on Libya, diplomats told AFP on condition of anonymity.

The EU has a naval mission operating in waters off Libya which is tasked with policing the embargo and collecting intelligence on violators.

03.09.2020 - 20:32 [ Internationaler Strafgerichtshof / International Criminal Court (ICC) ]

International Criminal Court condemns US economic sanctions

The new measures, announced pursuant to the US Executive Order 13928 dated 11 June 2020, are another attempt to interfere with the Court’s judicial and prosecutorial independence and crucial work to address grave crimes of concern to the international community as mandated under the ICC Rome Statute.

These coercive acts, directed at an international judicial institution and its civil servants, are unprecedented and constitute serious attacks against the Court, the Rome Statute system of international criminal justice, and the rule of law more generally.

The Court continues to stand firmly by its personnel and its mission of fighting impunity for the world’s most serious crimes under international law, independently and impartially, in accordance with its mandate. In doing so, the Court benefits from the strong support and commitment of two thirds of the world’s States which are parties to the Rome Statute.

03.09.2020 - 20:30 [ European Union External Action (EEAS) / Auswärtiger Dienst der Europäischen Union ]

International Criminal Court: Statement by the High Representative/Vice-President Josep Borrell on US sanctions

The European Union is unwavering in its support for the universality of the Rome Statute and for the ICC. We will resolutely defend it from any attempts aimed at obstructing the course of justice and undermining the international system of criminal justice.

03.09.2020 - 20:22 [ Metro.us ]

U.S. blacklists ICC prosecutor over Afghanistan war crimes probe

Pompeo also said Phakiso Mochochoko, the head of the ICC’s Jurisdiction, Complementarity and Cooperation Division, had also been blacklisted under sanctions authorized by President Donald Trump in June that allow for asset freezes and travel bans.

“Today we take the next step, because the ICC continues to target Americans, sadly,” Pompeo told reporters.

03.09.2020 - 20:22 [ Times of Israel ]

US sanctions ICC prosecutor who allowed complaint of Israeli ‘war crimes’

The US has imposed sanctions on the chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court just weeks after she allowed a complaint of Israeli “war crimes” to proceed.

Announcing sanctions against the ICC’s Fatou Bensouda, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the court “continues to target Americans”, in apparent reference to investigations into US Army actions in Afghanistan.

22.08.2020 - 04:13 [ Reuters ]

Thirteen of 15-member U.N. Security Council oppose U.S. push for Iran sanctions

Pompeo again warned Russia and China against that on Friday, threatening U.S. action if they refuse to reimpose the U.N. measures on Iran.

20.08.2020 - 08:45 [ CNN ]

Pompeo says he’ll go to UN ’soon‘ to push for snapback sanctions on Iran

The process is expected to be messy, as China and Russia openly oppose the effort to snap back sanctions, and other parties to the deal — Germany, the UK, France — are also against the move. All of them question the legality of the US trying to reimpose sanctions under the 2015 nuclear pact, which the Trump administration announced it was leaving in May 2018.

16.08.2020 - 16:29 [ France24.com ]

Trump promises ’snapback‘ to force return of UN Iran sanctions

The president was referring to the contested argument that the US remains a „participant“ in the 2015 Iran nuclear deal — despite Trump’s withdrawal from it — and therefore can force a return to sanctions if it sees Iran as being in violation of its terms.

15.08.2020 - 04:46 [ The Hill ]

UN Security Council rejects US bid to extend Iran arms embargo

Just one country voted with the United States on Friday: the Dominican Republic.

Russia and China voted “no,” while major U.S. allies France, Germany and the United Kingdom were among the 11 abstentions.

15.08.2020 - 03:35 [ Haaretz ]

U.S. Loses Iran Arms Embargo Vote at UN as Putin Pushes Summit on Nuclear Deal

The United States lost a bid to extend a UN arms embargo on Iran on Friday as Russian President Vladimir Putin proposed a summit of world leaders to avoid „confrontation“ over a U.S. threat to trigger a return of all UN sanctions on Tehran.

26.06.2020 - 11:22 [ theGrayzone.com ]

How a US and Qatari regime change deception produced ‘Caesar’ sanctions driving Syria towards famine

Authorized by Congress with no opposition, the so-called Caesar Civilian Protection Act amounts to an act of all out war on the very people it claims to protect. Targeting the Syrian Central Bank and penalizing any foreign company that does business with Damascus, the bill was conceived with the explicit aim of preventing the country from rebuilding after it defeated a proxy war imposed on it by the West, Israel, Turkey, and Gulf monarchies.

Charles Lister, a Gulf-backed de facto lobbyist for the Syrian opposition in Washington, inadvertently revealed the Caesar Act as an instrument of financial terror. In an op-ed for Politico this June, he forecasted “even greater levels of destitution, famine, and worsening criminality and predatory behavior” as a result of the new sanctions.

Predicting that “bread shortages are only a matter of time,” and projecting a famine in the near future, Lister cheerfully framed the human suffering caused by the sanctions as “an opportunity” for the United States to achieve regime change.

24.06.2020 - 17:31 [ teleSUR ]

US Navy Ship Sails Near Venezuelan Coast

According to SouthCom, the „peaceful“ operation took place „in international waters, outside the territorial jurisdiction of Venezuela, 12 nautical miles (about 22 kilometers) from that country.

21.05.2020 - 01:31 [ Nasdaq ]

Venezuela’s military to escort Iranian fuel tankers -defense minister

Venezuela’s military will escort Iranian tankers bringing fuel to the gasoline-starved country as soon as they enter its exclusive economic zone, Defense Minister Vladimir Padrino said on Wednesday.

20.05.2020 - 03:38 [ The Guardian ]

Venezuela in bid to force Bank of England to transfer $1bn of gold

The claim follows a request Venezuela made to the Bank in April to sell part of its gold reserves there and send the proceeds to the United Nations to help with the country’s coronavirus-fighting efforts.

17.05.2020 - 14:54 [ Al Jazeera ]

Iran media warn US against any move on fuel shipment to Venezuela

A senior official in President Donald Trump’s administration told Reuters News Agency last week the US was considering measures it could take in response to Iran’s shipment of fuel to crisis-stricken Venezuela.

01.05.2020 - 21:45 [ The New York Times ]

Second Cargo of Water Trucks From Mexico Arrives in Venezuela Under Oil Swap

The deal, which is the nation’s first oil-for-food pact after the United States sanctioned crisis-stricken Venezuela’s state-run oil company PDVSA in early 2019, is being investigated by the U.S. Treasury and the State Department.

29.04.2020 - 17:39 [ The Jimmy Dore Show / Yotube ]

Biden Supports Trump’s Immoral Iran Sanctions

Apr 27, 2020

25.03.2020 - 14:37 [ teleSUR ]

Venezuela: US Blocks Flights to Repatriate Citizens Amid COVID-19

Arreaza reiterated that the request for humanitarian flights responds to a request made by Venezuelans themselves to the Venezuelan Attention System in the United States.

19.03.2020 - 14:16 [ Seyed Mohammad Marandi / Twitter ]

Sadistic. The new US sanctions can only be interpreted as an attempt to spread #COVID2019 in Iran. The Trump regime seeks an uncontrollable situation where #COVID overwhelms Iran’s health care system & hospitals. The silence of western reporters, pundits, media & govts is evil.

19.03.2020 - 14:12 [ jordan / Twitter ]

Iran’s healthcare system is on the brink of collapse. The country is being decimated by coronavirus & one of the main reasons why is because of crippling sanctions. There were calls to lift sanctions to alleviate the pain. The US just added more instead. Absolutely repugnant.

17.03.2020 - 23:45 [ Grayzone ]

Italy and UK rely on help from Cuba, China, Venezuela to fight coronavirus – as US steps up brutal sanctions

Italy requested doctors from China, Cuba, and Venezuela to contain the coronavirus, while Cuba rescued a ship of British citizens. Meanwhile, US sanctions worsen the toll of the Covid-19 crisis in Iran and Venezuela.

06.03.2020 - 04:18 [ Reuters ]

Mexican firm takes millions of barrels of Venezuelan crude in oil-for-food swap

Venezuela has swapped millions of barrels of crude for supplies of corn and water trucks under an oil-for-food deal struck with a Mexican firm, in an effort to secure imports amid tightening U.S. sanctions, according to the company and export schedules.

12.02.2020 - 18:28 [ teleSUR ]

Airline Workers Confront Juan Guaido Over New Sanctions

In a video that circulated on social media networks, an employee of Conviasa claims to Guaidó, who asked Europe and the United States the endure of the sanctions against Venezuela. “Guaidó, you are a traitor to your country”, the worker express.

11.02.2020 - 19:36 [ Information Clearing House ]

China, Russia to Defy US Sanctions Over Support to Venezuela

By teleSUR

Since 2019, the United States in particular, and some other countries due to pressure from Washington, began applying new sanctions to Caracas, which seriously affected its economy, people’s lives and Venezuela’s relations with other nations, Geng Shuang recalled.

26.01.2020 - 12:54 [ Donald J. Trump, President of the United States / Twitter ]

Iranian Foreign Minister says Iran wants to negotiate with The United States, but wants sanctions removed. @FoxNews @OANN No Thanks!

26.01.2020 - 12:51 [ ABC News ]

Iranian FM: Tehran still willing to negotiate with US

“For us, it doesn’t matter who is sitting in the White House, what matters is how they behave,” he said, according to Der Spiegel. “The Trump administration can correct its past, lift the sanctions and come back to the negotiating table. We’re still at the negotiating table. They’re the ones who left.”

18.01.2020 - 16:19 [ Oilprice.com ]

Mnuchin: US Works With China To Cut Off All Iranian Oil Imports

The United States is working closely with China to have it cut off altogether imports of Iranian crude oil, as the U.S. steps up sanctions pressure on the Iranian regime, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, Steven Mnuchin, told Fox News’ ‘Sunday Morning Futures’.

18.01.2020 - 16:17 [ Oilprice.com ]

China Turns Its Back On Iran’s Crude Oil

(09.01.2020)

This year’s turbulent events in the Middle East—a major source of oil supply for the world’s largest oil importer, China—have had Beijing scrambling to salvage the Iran nuclear deal after the U.S. assassinated Tehran’s top military commander.

At the same time, China has significantly reduced its crude oil imports from Iran in recent months because of the U.S. sanctions on Iranian oil exports.

15.01.2020 - 01:48 [ PressTV.com ]

Zarif slams EU’s dispute mechanism as ‘a strategic mistake’

On Tuesday, the three European signatories to the Iran deal — France, Britain and Germany — formally triggered the dispute mechanism, which accuses Iran of violating the agreement and could lead to the restoration of the anti-Iran UN sanctions that had been lifted by the JCPOA.

15.01.2020 - 01:46 [ PressTV.com ]

Zarif urges E3 to stop 20 months of bowing to US diktat

Tehran has particularly been disappointed with the European trio’s failure to protect its business interests under the deal after the United States‘ withdrawal.

After patiently watching for more than a year and seeing no clear action from the other signatories of the nuclear deal, Iran invoked Articles 26 and 36 of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) to let go of some of the limitations put on its nuclear work.

14.01.2020 - 18:35 [ Khamenei.ir, Iran's Supreme Leader / Twitter ]

It’s been repeated recently that Europeans have created #instex financial channel. This is more like a joke, a bitter joke. What they’re responsible to do is totally different from what they’re doing. Once again, Europeans stabbed us in the back. We can’t expect them anything.

(21.03.2019)

14.01.2020 - 18:26 [ Sina Toossi ‏/ Twitter ]

3. Even when European countries had waivers to buy Iranian oil, few did. The „INSTEX“ mechanism—originally aimed at facilitating broad trade—failed to take off even for allowed humanitarian trade.

14.01.2020 - 18:10 [ Auswärtiges Amt ]

Joint statement by the Foreign Ministers of France, Germany and the United Kingdom on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action: 14 January 2020

Since May 2018, we have worked together to preserve the agreement. The E3 have fully upheld our JCPoA commitments, including sanctions-lifting as foreseen under the terms of the agreement. In addition to the lifting of all sanctions, required by our commitments under the agreement, we have worked tirelessly to support legitimate trade with Iran, including through the INSTEX special purpose vehicle.

14.01.2020 - 18:00 [ theHill.com ]

UK, Germany, France move to sanction Iran over nuclear steps

Germany, France and the United Kingdom moved on Tuesday to formally sanction Iran over claims that Tehran has violated the 2015 nuclear agreement.

08.01.2020 - 22:11 [ The Hill ]

Trump says Iran ‚appears to be standing down‘ in address to nation

“I’m pleased to inform you, the American people should be extremely grateful and happy. No Americans were harmed in last night’s attack by the Iranian regime,” Trump said in remarks from the Grand Foyer of the White House.

06.01.2020 - 04:25 [ theHill.com ]

Iran rolls back commitments to nuclear deal

A government spokesman said the nation will now base its enrichment levels on its own technical needs rather than the agreement’s limits, Reuters reported. The spokesman also said that Iran could reverse course if the U.S. curtails the sanctions it has imposed on Iran, the news service added.

30.12.2019 - 19:58 [ Omid Shokri Ph.D. ‏/ Twitter ]

2-it should be noted that after the US withdrawal from JCPOA, both China and Russia energy firms’ left Iran energy sector and other industries.

30.12.2019 - 19:48 [ IFP News / Youtube ]

US Knows Iran Will Not Surrender: President Rouhani

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani says the United States knows it cannot bring the Islamic Republic to its knees through its maximum pressure policy.

22.12.2019 - 12:32 [ Slate.com ]

U.S. Officials Bracing for Imminent North Korea Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Test

Pyongyang has promised to deliver a “Christmas gift” if there is no progress on easing up on sanctions. But any movement on that front seems nearly impossible at this stage considering talks with Washington have stalled and the North Korean regime is once again insulting Trump regularly. As tensions with North Korea increase, and especially if there is a test around the holidays, it would mark a huge blow to one of President Donald Trump’s major foreign policy initiatives. And it would happen right as he gears up for the presidential campaign.

21.12.2019 - 10:56 [ Commondreams.org ]

‚It Was an Outrage‘: Mike Pompeo Celebrates Defeated ICC Probe Into US War Crimes

(28.08.2019)

Pompeo made the remarks in a „Celebrating Americanism in Our Foreign Policy“ speech at the American Legion National Convention in Indianapolis.

„Americanism means taking care of our own,“ said Pompeo.

„We stopped international courts from prosecuting our service members,“ Pompeo continued, adding that the potential probe „was an outrage.“

In April, the ICC announced that it rejected a probe into possible war crimes and crimes against humanity in Afghanistan. Outgoing ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda requested the investigation in 2017, saying at the time that there was a „reasonable basis to believe“ that war crimes were committed by the Taliban, Afghan National Security Forces, U.S. armed forces, and the CIA. That move won the praise of human rights organizations and triggered over one million statements from alleged Afghan victims.

12.12.2019 - 16:24 [ RT.com ]

US Senate advances bill giving State Department right to call Russia ‘sponsor of terrorism’

The US Senate Foreign Relations Committee has approved a bill asking the State Department to determine whether Russia falls under criteria of a state sponsor of terrorism, potentially opening a way stricter sanctions.

The US Senate Foreign Relations Committee has approved a bill asking the State Department to determine whether Russia falls under criteria of a state sponsor of terrorism, potentially opening a way stricter sanctions.

08.12.2019 - 11:18 [ Yonhap ]

(Yonhap Interview) U.S. expert calls for ‚tailored sanctions relief‘ on path to N.K. denuclearization

„As you do that step by step, that’s in essence how you develop some trust that lets you go to the final goal, which is elimination of nuclear weapons and the means to produce them, and integration of North Korea into the community of nations and the international economic system,“ he added.

Hecker was in Seoul to attend a forum on geopolitics and the denuclearization of the North hosted by the Korean National Diplomatic Academy and the Asia-Pacific Leadership Network.

08.12.2019 - 11:10 [ Yonhap ]

(LEAD) Trump warns N. Korea not to interfere with his reelection bid

„I’d be surprised if North Korea acted hostilely,“ Trump was quoted as telling reporters at the White House. „He knows I have an election coming up. I don’t think he wants to interfere with that. But we’ll have to see.“

The remark came as the North has increased pressure on the United States to meet its demand for a new negotiating proposal by year’s end, strongly suggesting that otherwise, it could restart testing of nuclear weapons and intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

08.12.2019 - 10:58 [ CNN ]

North Korea’s UN ambassador says denuclearization is off the table in talks with US

In the statement, the ambassador, Kim Song, said the United States‘ pursuit of „sustained and substantial dialogue“ was a „time-saving trick“ to benefit a „domestic political agenda.“
„We do not need to have lengthy talks with the US now and the denuclearization is already gone out of the negotiation table,“ he said.

08.12.2019 - 10:49 [ LA Times ]

North Korea says it has carried out testing at long-range rocket launch site

The U.N. bans North Korea from launching satellites because it is considered a forbidden test of long-range missile technology.

After repeated failures, North Korea successfully put a satellite into orbit for the first time in 2012 in a launch from the same site. North Korea had another successful satellite launch in 2016.

07.12.2019 - 10:55 [ Wall Street Journal ]

Europeans Step Up Pressure on Iran Over Nuclear Violations

VIENNA—European powers will take the first step towards re-imposing international sanctions on Iran in the coming weeks if Tehran further violates the 2015 nuclear deal, diplomats said.

The warning, an escalation of European pressure on Iran, puts the two sides on a collision course. A conflict is likely in early January, when Iran is set to announce fresh steps to breach the deal.

28.11.2019 - 06:16 [ Caixinglobal.com ]

China Guzzles More Saudi Oil

China’s thirst for Saudi Arabian oil continues to grow on the back of massive refinery joint ventures, and the nation is also drawing more crude from Russia, as imports from the U.S., Iran and Venezuela dwindle, fresh Chinese customs data for the year to November show.

11.11.2019 - 23:51 [ Fox News ]

UN condemns US blockade of Cuba; Brazil, Israel join US to oppose

(7.11.2019) Brazil and Israel were the only two countries to vote with the United States against the resolution. It was the first time Brazil voted against it, according to multiple reports.

23.10.2019 - 19:25 [ Reuters ]

Trump says Turkey’s ceasefire in northern Syria now permanent, sanctions lifted

“How many Americans must die in the Middle East in the midst of these ancient sectarian and tribal conflicts?” he said. “I am committed to pursuing a different course, one that leads to victory for America.”

11.10.2019 - 14:40 [ APnews.com ]

Iran says Chinese state oil firm withdraws from $5B deal

(06.10.2019)

Officials in Beijing didn’t immediately acknowledge their decision. Phone calls to the CNPC rang unanswered on Sunday and its website bore no mention of the withdrawal.

However, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif separately complained Sunday about the U.S. campaign against Tehran and its impact on foreign investments.

06.10.2019 - 12:38 [ Maysam Behravesh ‏/ Twitter ]

According to Iranian oil minister Zanganeh, China’s CNPC has pulled out of the consortium to develop #Iran’s South Pars gas field, following France’s Total which withdrew from the project due to US sanctions. Now Iran’s Petropars will alone be in charge of developing the field.

05.10.2019 - 18:06 [ Washington Post ]

Syria and Iraq open a key border crossing closed since 2012

(30.09.2019)

BEIRUT — Syria and Iraq announced the reopening of a border crossing between the two countries Monday, a step toward the normalization of Iraq’s relationship with its western neighbor and a boost to Iran, which will now have an open corridor into Syria.

05.10.2019 - 17:54 [ MSN.com ]

Iraq reopens Syria crossing in win for mutual ally Iran

(30.09.2019)

The crossing, which Iraqi officials declared open for travellers and trade, is crucial for Iran’s bid to cement its growing sway over a corridor of territory from Tehran to Beirut.

The opening of the crossing signified „the victory of the Iraqi and Syrian people over all terrorist groups, especially Daesh,“ said Syrian Interior Minister Mohammad Khaled al-Rahmoun, using a term for Islamic State.

20.09.2019 - 17:44 [ Daniel Dale / Twitter ]

Trump says the „strong“ way to approach Iran is to show some „restraint,“ though some people want him to go to war. He says war is „very easy for me to do,“ but he’s not the warmonger critics said he’d be during the campaign.

14.09.2019 - 21:03 [ CNBC.com ]

Oil falls 2.9% following report Trump discussed easing sanctions on Iran

(11.09.2019)

U.S. oil prices dropped more than 2% on Wednesday after Bloomberg News reported that President Donald Trump discussed easing sanctions on Iran in order to reopen negotiations.

WTI crude oil futures fell 2.9% to $55.75 a barrel, while Brent crude fell 2.28% to $60.96 a barrel.

02.09.2019 - 10:56 [ Tehran Times ]

Iran’s Araghchi to visit Paris Monday to discuss proposal to save JCPOA

Since Washington’s withdrawal from the JCPOA, Tehran has been asking Europe to ignore U.S. sanctions and continue trade. Recently, French President Emmanuel Macron has offered Iran economic incentives in order to reduce tensions between Tehran and Washington.

27.08.2019 - 21:10 [ apnews.com ]

Iranian president: First lift sanctions, then let’s talk

Earlier on Monday, Rouhani expressed readiness to negotiate a way out of the crisis following America’s pullout from the nuclear deal.

“If I knew that going to a meeting and visiting a person would help my country’s development and resolve the problems of the people, I would not miss it,” he had said. “Even if the odds of success are not 90% but are 20% or 10%, we must move ahead with it. We should not miss opportunities.”

25.07.2019 - 19:25 [ CheckpointAsia.net ]

Somebody Blew Up the Pipeline to Syria’s Main Oil Terminal: Oil embargo of the country now backed by sabotage of key oil infrastructure

(28.06.2019)

Experts confirm that the attack was a well-planned operation. Pipes are at a depth of dozens meters underwater. Such a difficult mining mission can be completed only by trained and well-equipped specs. This fact excludes the operating of the irregular militants.

25.07.2019 - 19:20 [ Oilprice.com ]

Oil Pipelines Sabotaged In Syria

(24.06.2019) The network carries crude oil from the coast to tankers at the port of Banias. The port city houses one of Syria’s two refineries. The other is located in Homs, in central Syria.

Last month U.S.-led forces blew up three oil tankers in Syria in the latest push against the Syrian government which is fighting rebel groups in their last remaining stronghold in Syria, in Idlib.

Syria is heavily dependent on crude oil imports through the Mediterranean, with a lot of the oil coming from Iran.

25.07.2019 - 17:09 [ NKnews.org ]

Oil tanker numbers at Nampho not impacted by sanctions, analysis shows

Analysis of oil tanker numbers at North Korea’s Nampho oil terminal compiled from over two and half years of satellite imagery shows continued and sustained activity at the site, despite strict UN sanctions restricting oil flows passed at the end of 2017.

The collection of over 300 images, taken at regular intervals between January 2017 and July 2019 by Planet Labs satellites, overall show an expanding oil loading facility growing to meet continual activity.

21.07.2019 - 10:25 [ DailyMail.co.uk ]

Military chiefs urge next PM to ’send in the MARINES‘ to protect ships as Iran taunts UK with footage of moment balaclava-clad commandos abseiled from helicopter and hijacked British tanker in ‚tit-for-tat‘ strike

After the dramatic hijacking of the Stena Impero oil tanker carrying 23 crew by Iranian Special Forces, top brass were last night devising a list of options for a rapid military response.

It is understood they will seek the green light to deploy Royal Marines on British vessels travelling through the Strait of Hormuz to act as a deterrent to further aggression.

21.07.2019 - 10:05 [ theGuardian.pe.ca ]

Gibraltar extends detention of Iranian tanker for a month

(20.07.2019)

Gibraltar said the Iranian vessel, seized by marines in a daring landing in darkness off the coast of the British territory on July 4, was suspected of smuggling oil to Syria in breach of European Union sanctions.

21.07.2019 - 09:59 [ DailyMail.co.uk ]

Jeremy Hunt seeks EU and UN backing for stringent new sanctions against Iran after ‚illegal seizure‘ of UK oil tanker

Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt is expected to announce a range of measures targeting the Iranian regime following the seizure of the Stena Impero on Friday Afternoon.

Mr Hunt is expected to urge the European Union to support British calls for a host of diplomatic and economic sanctions to target Iran- including reimposing restrictions which were lifted after Tehran signed the 2016 nuclear deal.

20.07.2019 - 18:38 [ breakingthenews.net ]

Zarif: Iran tells EU oil sales to Russia, China not enough

(18.07.2019)

Zarif told Russia’s TASS: „We expect them to implement their obligations to normalize economic relations between Iran and other countries.“ He added: „The Europeans – both E3 and the entire EU – are part of it [the deal] and they have to implement their commitments.“

20.07.2019 - 18:34 [ spglobal.com ]

China’s crude imports from Iran drop 67% on month in May to 255,000 b/d as waiver expires

(27.07.2019)

China imported 1.08 million mt, or 255,065 b/d, of crude oil from Iran in May, down 66.7% from the five-year high of 3.24 million mt in April as the US‘ sanction waivers for Iranian oil expired on May 2.

20.07.2019 - 18:28 [ voanews.com ]

No Evidence of Russia Buying Iran’s Oil in Claimed Defiance of US Sanctions

(16.07.2019)

Russian media said Moscow secured its first, and so far only, Iranian oil delivery in November 2017,

15.07.2019 - 14:24 [ Haaretz ]

Pro-Israel Groups Promoted anti-BDS Resolution in German Parliament, Der Spiegel Reports

The report claims that local groups such as the Middle East Peace Forum and WerteInitiative (Values Initiative) worked together with Israel’s Ministry of Strategic Affairs in order to promote the resolution, an enterprise that included “donations to politicians.” The groups deny these charges, but the story has evoked a stormy public debate. Bild, the most widely-read newspaper in Germany, sharply criticized the report, calling it anti-Semitic.

15.07.2019 - 12:59 [ theGuardian.com ]

The Guardian view on Britain and Iran: a game for losers

he risk is that the president may be goaded into a war by those around him, particularly if things go wrong on the ground – and that Britain will be dragged in by a White House-appeasing prime minister.

Meanwhile the slow slog of diplomacy continues, with European foreign ministers due to meet again on Monday. The EU says that more members, and non-member states too, are buying into the Instex barter-style system created to enable trade. But it still needs proper funding.

15.07.2019 - 12:55 [ Al-Monitor.com ]

Rouhani out of time, support for revised nuclear deal

In reality, the US sanctions and, partly, Europe’s inability to save the JCPOA are gradually radicalizing Iran and its society. Moderates in Tehran risk being accused of betraying their country. They are being undermined and isolated, and their positions are being taken away one by one. For instance, Heshmatollah Falhatpishe, a prominent moderate and pragmatist parliament member, recently tweeted that Iran should give Instex more time. But he’s no longer taken seriously, having just last month lost his position as chairman of parliament’s foreign policy commission to a staunch JCPOA enemy.

15.07.2019 - 11:41 [ John Hudson / Twitter ]

ahead of his visit to NYC for a UN summit, Pompeo limits Zarif’s movements to the UN Headquarters and the six blocks it takes to get to the Iranian mission. By ⁦@CMorelloWP⁩

15.07.2019 - 03:59 [ teleSUR ]

UN Human Rights Council Adopts Resolution Rejecting US Sanctions

The draft resolution was approved with 28 votes in favor, 14 against and five abstentions, and was presented by Venezuela and Palestine on behalf of the Movement of Non-aligned Countries (NAM), except Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Honduras, and Peru, during the OHCHR’s 41st session.

12.07.2019 - 11:35 [ France24.com ]

Missiles belonging to French army found at pro-Haftar base in Libya

(10.07.2019)

The missiles were intended for the “protection of a French military unit deployed to carry out counter-terrorism operations”, the ministry added.

In its statement, the French ministry of defence also denied the Javelins had been given to Haftar’s forces, and it further reiterated that the arms were not subject to import restrictions because they were intended for the protection of French troops.

10.07.2019 - 09:35 [ GBC News ‏/ Twitter ]

.@GibraltarGov has confirmed that the Grace 1 supertanker, detained in #Gibraltar last week, was found to be „loaded to capacity with crude oil“. It’s also highlighted that the tanker was „well inside“ British Gibraltar Territorial Waters when boarded, as per this screenshot.

10.07.2019 - 09:09 [ Gibraltar Chronicle ]

Laboratory tests confirm Grace 1 was carrying crude oil

„The Grace 1 was detained last week in Gibraltar when it freely navigated into British Gibraltar territorial waters to a point two miles off the Eastside of Gibraltar, having previously exited the international waters of the Straits of Gibraltar, on a pre-arranged call for provisions and spare parts,“ the Gibraltar Government spokesman said.

The ship was „well inside BGTW“ when it was boarded and remains detained in that area, the spokesman added.
To illustrate that point, the Gibraltar Government issued a screen grab from the Port of Gibraltar’s vessel traffic monitoring system taken on the night of detention.

10.07.2019 - 09:06 [ Press TV ]

Gibraltar court extends detention of Iranian tanker for 14 days: Attorney general

(05.07.2019)

Spain, which challenges the British ownership of Gibraltar, has said the seizure was prompted by a US request to Britain and appeared to have taken place in Spanish waters.

10.07.2019 - 08:42 [ Compuserve.com ]

U.S. wants military coalition to safeguard waters off Iran, Yemen

„We’re engaging now with a number of countries to see if we can put together a coalition that would ensure freedom of navigation both in the Straits of Hormuz and the Bab al-Mandab,“ said Marine General Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

10.07.2019 - 08:36 [ RT.com ]

Freedom of piracy: US seeks allies to outsource hunt for Iranian oil tankers

Washington has a new tactic in its ongoing campaign against Tehran: outsource the naval blockade of Iran and have allies seize oil tankers in international waterways – all in the name of “freedom of navigation,” of course.

06.07.2019 - 12:28 [ CNN ]

India is buying more US and Saudi oil because of sanctions on Iran

India was one of only eight countries granted a waiver that allowed it to keep buying oil from Tehran, but that reprieve expired on May 2.
While India had said it would only recognize sanctions imposed by the United Nations, the country’s petroleum minister said in April that it would source „additional supplies from other major oil producing countries.“

06.07.2019 - 12:22 [ Mehr News ]

Increase in uranium stockpile due to US ban on exports

Speaking to Mehr correspondent on Saturday, Mojtaba Zonnour, chairman of the Parliament’s National Security and Foreign Policy Commission, said “we have done nothing in violation of the JCPOA. It was the US which caused the increase in our enriched uranium stockpile by banning its exports.”

“The US has also banned the export of Iran’s heavy water, which has also caused an increase in our heavy water reserves,” he added.

06.07.2019 - 11:42 [ Independent.co.uk ]

UK finds itself in diplomatic maelstrom with Iran and Spain after seizure of Syria-bound oil-tanker

Analysis: UK officials say the aim is to calm the situation and not make it more incendiary – as some in Washington appear to be intent on doing

05.07.2019 - 13:44 [ Music for Cougars / Twitter ]

Not only does the NYT not explain that the maximum pressure campaign was designed to force Iran into non compliance by preventing uranium exports, but they’re also wrong about what killed the deal. Trump violated the agreement by imposing unilateral sanctions!

05.07.2019 - 13:41 [ New York Times ]

Rouhani Says Iran Will Begin Enriching Uranium at Higher Level in Days

Mr. Rouhani has said that Iran would gradually stop complying with the restrictions if the European nations failed to provide some relief from the economic pain within two months of the latest constriction of the American sanctions — a deadline that falls on Sunday.

05.07.2019 - 13:40 [ rferl.org ]

U.S. Extends Waivers On Iranian Civilian Nuclear Plants, But Hits Uranium Exports

(04.05.2019)

Iran was to sell off any enriched uranium above the limit on international markets in return for natural uranium.

Now, however, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the United States would start to impose sanctions on anyone involved in the trade of natural for enriched uranium — as well as in the storage of Iranian heavy water that was in excess of limits.

05.07.2019 - 10:11 [ IRNA.ir ]

UK seizure of Iranian oil tanker amounts to sea piracy: Official

Noting that the tanker was moving in the international waterways, he said that the UK has no right to exert its or EU’s unilateral sanctions against other countries extraterritorially.

„This is the same US bullying policy that European states have always protested to it,“ he

05.07.2019 - 10:08 [ IRNA.ir ]

Iran summons UK envoy over illegal seizure of oil tanker

According to Spanish officials, the Grace 1, Panamanian-flagged tanker carrying Iranian oil, was seized by British patrol ships off Gibralter and was detained on the US orders.

04.07.2019 - 12:51 [ Yörük Işık ‏/ Twitter ]

Royal Marines have boarded an oil tanker on its way to #Syria thought to be breaching EU sanctions, the government of Gibraltar has said. ⁦@key2med⁩

04.07.2019 - 12:39 [ BBC ]

Oil tanker bound for Syria detained in Gibraltar

Authorities said there was reason to believe the ship, called the Grace 1, was carrying crude oil to the Baniyas Refinery in Syria.

The refinery is subject to European Union sanctions against Syria, the chief minister of the government said.

04.07.2019 - 11:33 [ Daily Sabah ]

US might end arms sales to UAE over reports American missiles shipped to Libya’s Haftar

(02.07.2019)

In a letter to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Robert Menendez, the top Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, demanded an investigation and asked for explanations by July 15 on arms agreements with the United Arab Emirates.

„You are surely aware that if these allegations prove true you may be obligated by law to terminate all arms sales to the UAE,“ Menendez said.

He warned that the transfer would be a „serious violation“ of US law and „almost certainly“ break the UN arms embargo on Libya.

30.06.2019 - 10:16 [ Motoko Rich, NYT Tokyo bureau chief ‏/ Twitter ]

Question: will sanctions stay on? Trump: „they’re staying on. I’m looking forward to taking them off. ..i don’t like sanctions being on this country. „

29.06.2019 - 19:47 [ CheckpointAsia.net ]

Somebody Blew Up the Pipeline to Syria’s Main Oil Terminal: Oil embargo of the country now backed by sabotage of key oil infrastructure

(28.06.2019)

Syrian Ministry of Oil and Mineral Resources stated on June, 23 the explosion of 5 pipelines nearby Baniyas city of Tartus province. (…)

Experts confirm that the attack was a well-planned operation. Pipes are at a depth of dozens meters underwater. Such a difficult mining mission can be completed only by trained and well-equipped specs. This fact excludes the operating of the irregular militants.

29.06.2019 - 10:11 [ European External Action Service ]

Chair’s statement following the 28 June 2019 meeting of the Joint Commission of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

France, Germany and the United Kingdom informed participants that INSTEX had been made operational and available to all EU Member States and that the first transactions are being processed. Ongoing complementary cooperation with the Iranian corresponding entity (STFI), which has already been established, will speed up. They confirmed that some EU Member States were in the process of joining INSTEX as shareholders, the special purpose vehicle aimed at facilitating legitimate business with Iran. They are also working to open INSTEX to economic operators from third countries.

29.06.2019 - 10:08 [ Helga Schmid, Secretary General of the European External Action Service (EEAS) / Twitter ]

INSTEX now operational, first transactions being processed and more EU Members States to join. Good progress on Arak and Fordow projects

28.06.2019 - 18:57 [ Xinhua ]

Iran says Vienna meeting „last chance“ to save nuclear deal

On Friday, a joint commission meeting of the Iranian nuclear deal or the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), headed by Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araqchi and EU Deputy Foreign Policy Chief Helga Schmid, will gather representatives from the deal’s remaining signatories in Vienna to discuss implementing the accord.

28.06.2019 - 18:53 [ Xinhua ]

Chinese president says Gulf region at crossroads of war and peace

China always stands on the side of peace and opposes war, Xi said when meeting with UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres ahead of a summit of the Group of 20 major economies in the Japanese city of Osaka.