The Armistice was signed on July 27, 1953, and was designed to „ensure a complete cessation of hostilities and of all acts of armed force in Korea until a final peaceful settlement is achieved.
An armistice ended the fighting on the peninsula 65 years ago, but not the war. The anniversary represents a symbolic target for the North’s Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in of South Korea to sign the peace treaty they discussed during an historic summit at the border on Apr 27.
The ceremonies were often accompanied in Pyongyang by rallies, anti-US media coverage and other reminders of the war. This year, however, explicit anti-US messages disappeared from the media as well as the streets of the city on Monday. Pyongyang has also replaced images of missile launches and military formations on a prominent site outside the city train station with visuals of industry and agriculture.
Germany has been belatedly classified among the participating nations in the Korean War, as South Korea has added the European country to the list of countries that provided medical assistance during the 1950-53 war, government officials said Friday.
More than 35,000 Americans perished on the Korean peninsula between 1950 and 1953, in a fight that pitted the communist North Korea, backed by China and the Soviet Union, against the U.S. and United Nations-backed South.
The breakthrough reached between the U.S. and North Korea in Singapore on June 12 carries tremendous weight for surviving Korean War veterans and the families of those who were lost.
The veterans expressed their hopes for a united and peaceful Korean peninsula, while maintaining caution when it came to trusting the North Korean regime.
Asia’s key defense forum opened in Singapore on Friday, with North Korea’s nuclear issue high on the agenda, at a time when regional security faces a potential turning point.
The annual Shangri-La Dialogue comes amid cautious optimism about a historic breakthrough in efforts to denuclearize North Korea and formally end the 1950-53 Korean War with a peace treaty.