Archiv: (mass-)identification


03.11.2019 - 09:40 [ Observer.com ]

Scariest Takeaways on the Current State of Smartphone Surveillance From Edward Snowden

(28.10.2019)

Snowden’s point: you better not have done anything you’ve regretted in your digital past; you better not have put an unsavory term in a Google Search bar—because there will be a permanent record of that, which can be found and used against you if need be.

Snowden also pointed out that the term for this is “bulk collection,” a euphemism the government uses for mass surveillance work.

“They simply collect it all in advance and hope that one day it will become useful,” he said.

03.11.2019 - 09:35 [ New York Times ]

In Trump’s Twitter Feed: Conspiracy-Mongers, Racists and Spies

Fake accounts tied to intelligence services in China, Iran and Russia had directed thousands of tweets at Mr. Trump, according to a Times analysis of propaganda accounts suspended by Twitter. Iranian operatives tweeted anti-Semitic tropes, saying that Mr. Trump was “being controlled” by global Zionists, and that pulling out of the Iran nuclear treaty would benefit North Korea.

01.11.2019 - 12:32 [ Business Insider ]

Russia officially introduced a ’sovereign internet‘ law to let Putin cut the entire country from the rest of the web

It requires Russian internet providers to install hardware to allow authorities to locate the source of traffic and block it.

01.11.2019 - 12:29 [ theRegister.co.uk ]

China and Russia join to battle ‚illegal internet content,‘ which means what you fear it does

(09.10.2019)

More disturbing were the extraordinary technical capabilities that were used to remove – in real time – any mention of the death of Chinese dissident and Nobel laureate Liu Xiaobo.

Russia wishes to be equally restrictive although it does not appear to have the technical capabilities and it has not put itself behind a national firewall, at least not yet – it is working on it. It has instead focused on removing people’s ability to access information anonymously.

21.09.2019 - 18:32 [ New York Times ]

Secret F.B.I. Subpoenas Scoop Up Personal Data From Scores of Companies

Now, records show how far beyond Silicon Valley the practice extends — encompassing scores of banks, credit agencies, cellphone carriers and even universities.

The demands can scoop up a variety of information, including usernames, locations, IP addresses and records of purchases. They don’t require a judge’s approval and usually come with a gag order, leaving them shrouded in secrecy. Fewer than 20 entities, most of them tech companies, have ever revealed that they’ve received the subpoenas, known as national security letters.

31.08.2019 - 08:38 [ Project Zero team at Google ]

Implant Teardown

The implant has access to all the database files (on the victim’s phone) used by popular end-to-end encryption apps like Whatsapp, Telegram and iMessage. We can see here screenshots of the apps on the left, and on the right the contents of the database files stolen by the implant which contain the unencrypted, plain-text of the messages sent and received using the apps:

(…)

There’s something thus far which is conspicuous only by its absence: is any of this encrypted? The short answer is no: they really do POST everything via HTTP (not HTTPS) and there is no asymmetric (or even symmetric) encryption applied to the data which is uploaded. Everything is in the clear. If you’re connected to an unencrypted WiFi network this information is being broadcast to everyone around you, to your network operator and any intermediate network hops to the command and control server.

This means that not only is the end-point of the end-to-end encryption offered by messaging apps compromised; the attackers then send all the contents of the end-to-end encrypted messages in plain text over the network to their server.

31.08.2019 - 08:26 [ Project Zero team at Google ]

A very deep dive into iOS Exploit chains found in the wild

I recommend that these posts are read in the following order:

31.08.2019 - 08:20 [ Gizmodo ]

Google Hackers Reveal Websites Hacked Thousands of iPhone Users Silently for Years

“To be targeted might mean simply being born in a certain geographic region or being part of a certain ethnic group,” he said. “All that users can do is be conscious of the fact that mass exploitation still exists and behave accordingly; treating their mobile devices as both integral to their modern lives, yet also as devices which when compromised, can upload their every action into a database to potentially be used against them.”

20.08.2019 - 18:22 [ Haaretz ]

Mysterious Israeli Businessman Behind Mega-deal to Supply Spy Planes to UAE

The fact that there are no diplomatic ties between Israel and the UAE and other Persian Gulf countries has not prevented the shared interests of the countries in the region to forge an extensive unofficial relationship, including in business, military and political spheres. In the case of Israel and the Gulf states, one main shared interest is their mutual enemy: Iran.

20.08.2019 - 18:18 [ Middle East Monitor ]

Israel businessman behind UAE spy plane deal

However, as Haaretz points out, “it is interesting to discover that Israel’s name is totally absent from the hundreds of thousands of words describing the transaction in detail. The only mention of the country is in one document originating in Switzerland that describes the structure of AGT. It mentions in German that Kochavi is an Israeli citizen.”

The Israeli daily also notes that this deal is not Kochavi’s first project on behalf of the UAE, pointing to the installation of thousands of cameras, sensors and license-plate readers in Abu Dhabi in a bid to turn the capital into a “smart city”.

18.08.2019 - 08:46 [ Spiked ]

‘Nineteen Eighty-Four is now a policing manual’

„The police had 30 tweets of mine. I asked the officer, ‘What’s the worst one you’ve got? Which one comes closest to the edge of being dangerously criminal?’ He said, ‘Well, there is this limerick’. I replied to say that I hadn’t written any limericks. He said, ‘No, but you have retweeted a limerick’. He read it to me, and I was like, ‘You’ve got to be kidding me’. It wasn’t even a limerick. It was a lyric from a feminist song. He told me I had to stop doing this. I asked again if I had done anything wrong. And that is when he said the immortal line: ‘I need to check your thinking.’ „

26.07.2019 - 17:38 [ Cnet.com ]

Facial recognition may be banned from public housing thanks to proposed law

It’s the first time federal legislation has addressed limits on technology and tenants.

26.07.2019 - 17:36 [ WSJ Pro Artificial Intelligence / Twitter ]

Congresswomen from the „squad“ are set to propose a bill that would ban facial-recognition technology from HUD-funded housing

21.07.2019 - 14:21 [ CNN ]

An entire nation just got hacked

(21.07.2019)

Asen Genov is pretty furious. His personal data was made public this week after records of more than 5 million Bulgarians got stolen by hackers from the country’s tax revenue office.
In a country of just 7 million people, the scale of the hack means that just about every working adult has been affected.

20.07.2019 - 23:41 [ theGuardian ]

Anger at UK spy tech sales to Hong Kong

As activists prepare to hold another mass demonstration against the government’s handling of a now-suspended extradition bill, the government’s official logs reveal that in the first quarter of this year the UK approved an export licence for £1.9m of “telecommunications interception equipment” to Hong Kong. This was just weeks before protests against the controversial proposed treaty with mainland China began in March.

09.07.2019 - 05:44 [ Washington Post ]

FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches

Thousands of facial-recognition requests, internal documents and emails over the past five years, obtained through public-records requests by researchers with Georgetown Law’s Center on Privacy and Technology and provided to The Washington Post, reveal that federal investigators have turned state departments of motor vehicles databases into the bedrock of an unprecedented surveillance infrastructure.

Police have long had access to fingerprints, DNA and other “biometric data” taken from criminal suspects. But the DMV records contain the photos of a vast majority of a state’s residents, most of whom have never been charged with a crime.

12.06.2019 - 08:57 [ Haaretz ]

Mossad Involved in Anti-boycott Activity, Israeli Minister’s Datebooks Reveal

Strategic affairs minister’s schedules show he met with spy agency’s chief ■ Datebooks also include several meetings devoted to creation of firm to advance ‚mass awareness activities‘

12.06.2019 - 08:55 [ Times of Israel ]

Mossad involved in Israel’s anti-BDS efforts – report

A consumer advocacy group, Hatzlacha, the Consumers’ Movement for the Promotion of a Fair Society and Economy, appealed under Israel’s freedom-of-information laws to publicize the workday calendars of Israeli ministers in 2018, in a bid to uncover links between top politicians and local and international business interests.

10.06.2019 - 13:10 [ ACLU ]

The FBI Has Access to Over 640 Million Photos of Us Through Its Facial Recognition Database

The fact that face recognition technology, which can be readily abused, has been deployed by federal agencies largely in secret should give us all pause. The technology gives government agencies the unprecedented power to track who we are, where we go, and who we know. Companies marketing this technology to the government boast that it can be used to track people in real-time, reconstruct past movements from video footage, or identify a hundred individuals from a single photo. This threatens to create a world where people are watched and identified as they attend a protest, congregate outside a place of worship, visit a medical provider, or simply go about their daily lives.

08.06.2019 - 10:13 [ Matthias Monroy ‏/ Twitter ]

EU surveillance state: This week the Justice and Home Affairs Ministers debated increasing the surveillance in their Member States. US authorities could soon also wiretap legally in Europe. #5G #DataRetention #eEvidence #cloudACT

06.06.2019 - 19:52 [ Techdirt ]

AG William Barr Doesn’t Want The Government Spying On The President But Thinks It’s OK If It Spies On Everyone Else

Let me restate that: William Barr is opposed to certain, very narrow subsets of domestic surveillance. Specifically, Barr doesn’t think the government should have spied on Trump and his campaign staff, if that’s what actually happened, which Barr doesn’t actually seem to know.

But if you’re literally anyone else, domestic surveillance is just another name for national security, whether you’re a random Verizon customer or one of the world’s most useful websites.

The Wikimedia Foundation sued the federal government over domestic surveillance back in 2015. The suit lives on four years later …

06.06.2019 - 19:22 [ europa.eu ]

Security Union: Commission receives mandate to start negotiating international rules for obtaining electronic evidence

Today, EU Member States agreed to give two mandates to the Commission to engage in international negotiations to improve cross-border access to electronic evidence in criminal investigations.The Council agreed to provide the Commission with negotiating mandates for negotiations with the United States and for the Second Additional Protocol to the Council of Europe “Budapest” Convention on Cybercrime.

28.05.2019 - 09:19 [ Spiked ]

Facial recognition: Britain faces a dystopian future

Automated facial recognition is a grave threat to privacy and the presumption of innocence.

28.05.2019 - 09:02 [ Zero Hedge ]

Warning: Widespread Facial Surveillance Is An „Imminent Reality“

A tech privacy report, that has been swept under the rug by the mainstream media has declared that Americans are about to live through the very world Orwell wrote of. Georgetown researchers are warning Americans about a sophisticated real-time face surveillance system that’s about to become an “imminent reality” for millions of citizens across the country. Ground zero, though, appears to be Detroit.

The “America Under Watch” report is a warning that authorities in select U.S. cities may soon be able to pick you out from a crowd, identify you, and trace your movements via a secret network of cameras constantly capturing images of your face. Mass surveillance of every single human being living in the U.S. has become a nightmarish dystopian reality.

16.05.2019 - 16:01 [ Aaron Peskin, San Francisco Supervisor ‏/ Twitter ]

The success of San Francisco’s #FacialRecognition ban is owed to a vast grassroots coalition that has advocated for similar policies around the Bay Area for years. Thanks to @ACLU_NorCal @SecureJustice @CAIRSFBA @ColorOfChange @mediajustice and so many others who fought for this.

16.05.2019 - 15:58 [ DailyMail.co.uk ]

Big Brother Britain: Extraordinary moment police FINE pedestrian £90 for disorderly behaviour after he tries to cover his face from facial recognition camera on the streets of London

Officers set up the camera on a van in Romford, East London, which then cross-checked photos of faces of passers-by against a database of wanted criminals.

But one man was unimpressed about being filmed and covered his face with his hat and jacket, before being stopped by officers who took his picture anyway.

After being pulled aside, the man told police: ‚If I want to cover me face, I’ll cover me face. Don’t push me over when I’m walking down the street.‘

16.05.2019 - 15:56 [ TicToc by Bloomberg / Twitter ]

„It’s psychologically unhealthy,“ says Supervisor @AaronPeskin San Francisco has become the first U.S. city to ban police use of facial recognition tech

05.05.2019 - 11:51 [ Tionisla ‏/ Twitter ]

Ok, seems #firefox is working as intended now… BUT *having to* enable studies (I never intended to enable) to get it fixed, the fact add-ons are resolved by a central certificate made it clear #Mozilla has a different view on „privacy first“ than me.

01.05.2019 - 14:59 [ Standard.co.uk ]

MI5 boss warns of ’startling‘ IS terror threat to Britain

(today)

Mr Parker said that his staff were doing “extraordinary things” to keep the country safe in the face of such dangers, thwarting plots and saving lives. But he cautioned that the increasingly “vast amounts” of material on smartphones and the scale of social media output meant that more data than ever was being created at the same time as encryption was making it harder for MI5 to access it.

13.04.2019 - 23:52 [ Ne York Times ]

Tracking Phones, Google Is a Dragnet for the Police

Sensorvault, according to Google employees, includes detailed location records involving at least hundreds of millions of devices worldwide and dating back nearly a decade.

The new orders, sometimes called “geofence” warrants, specify an area and a time period, and Google gathers information from Sensorvault about the devices that were there.

31.03.2019 - 18:38 [ ForeignPolicy.com ]

U.S. Firms Are Helping Build China’s Orwellian State

(19.3.2019) When a Dutch cybersecurity researcher disclosed last month that Chinese security contractor SenseNets left a massive facial recognition database tracking the movements of over 2.5 million people in China’s Xinjiang province unsecured on the internet, it briefly shone a spotlight on the alarming scope of the Chinese surveillance state.

But SenseNets is a symptom of a much larger phenomenon: Tech firms in the United States are lending expertise, reputational credence, and even technology to Chinese surveillance companies, wittingly or otherwise.

06.03.2019 - 14:09 [ cnet.com ]

Google looks to leave passwords behind for a billion Android devices

(25.2.2019) Google and the Fast Identity Online Alliance said Monday that Android is now FIDO2-certified, meaning its devices can use fingerprints and security keys for logging in to accounts instead of passwords. The certification was unveiled at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Spain.

06.03.2019 - 14:03 [ Wikipedia ]

FIDO Alliance

FIDO supports a full range of authentication technologies, including biometrics such as fingerprint and iris scanners, voice and facial recognition, as well as existing solutions and communications standards, such as Trusted Platform Modules (TPM), USB security tokens, embedded Secure Elements (eSE), smart cards, and near field communication (NFC).[2] The USB security token device may be used to authenticate using a simple password (e.g. four-digit PIN) or by pressing a button.

06.03.2019 - 14:00 [ theRegister.co.uk ]

Microsoft: You looking at me funny? Oh, you just want to sign in

(21.11.2018) Microsoft’s corporate veep of all things identity, Alex Simons, trumpeted that the 800 million people who use a Microsoft account will now be able to sign in without username or password.

06.03.2019 - 13:54 [ cbronline.com ]

Android Gets FIDO2 Support: Death to Passwords?

(28.2.2019) The FIDO2 standard comprises the World Wide Web Consortium’s (W3C) Web Authentication specification and the corresponding Client to Authenticator Protocol (CTAP) from FIDO Alliance. Together these initiatives create an ecosystem of compliant devices that can easily authenticate themselves to online services.

03.03.2019 - 17:40 [ Forbes ]

China Goes ‚1984‘ While America Goes ‚Brave New World‘–But What’s Next?

(11.7.2018)

Postman’s key point was that Big Brother didn’t need to bother watching John Doe or controlling him, because John Doe probably was already willing to be controlled by forces that rendered him harmless to Big Brother. Postman argued that Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World was more prescient than Orwell’s 1984, because in his book Huxley portrayed a citizenry perfectly willing to give up its most sacred possessions for trivial things.

03.03.2019 - 17:32 [ Steven Kaufman / Entrepreneur.com ]

‚Social Credit‘ Tech Is Coming: 5 Ways for U.S. Entrepreneurs to Capitalize

(12.10.2018)

This may all sound frightening, but a system devised by human beings to control others can also be controlled, if you know what you’re doing. If you’re a true entrepreneur, then you see the opportunity in every social evolution. And big changes mean even bigger opportunities. Are you ready?

03.03.2019 - 17:27 [ Daily Caller ]

Democratic 2020 Candidate Wants Government-Sponsored ‘Social Credit’ System Comparable To China’s

(17.11.2018)

New York entrepreneur and Democratic 2020 candidate Andrew Yang wants to implement a system in which a government-run mobile app rewards Americans with “digital social credits” (DSCs) for good behavior.

Americans would receive DSCs under Yang’s system for things such as “participating in a town fair,” “fixing a neighbor’s appliance” or “tutoring a student,” his presidential campaign website explains.

03.03.2019 - 17:22 [ Phys.org - News and Articles on Science and Technology ]

Is China’s social credit system really the dystopian sci-fi scenario that many fear?

(6.12.2018)

To use Jamie Horsley’s argument in Foreign Policy, „China’s Orwellian social credit score isn’t real…There is no such thing as a national ’social credit score‘.“

Apart from the (negative) political implications of the work-in-progress social credit system, we should also consider the economic implication of such a system.

03.03.2019 - 17:16 [ Digitaltrends.com ]

We’re closer to China’s disturbing ‘Social Credit System’ than you realize

In addition to more mundane areas like whether you pay your community charge on time, the system’s reputational algorithm will also factor in your choice of online friends. That person who complains about how the government is doing its job could suddenly cost you some serious social cred. Befriend too many wrongthinkers and you could quickly find yourself classed as a wrongthinker too.

03.03.2019 - 17:12 [ fox11online.com ]

Social Credit System being tested in China; could the U.S. be next?

(11.2.2019) „We’re beginning to see it already where insurance companies affect your premium based on whether you’re eating healthy, getting a good night’s sleep or getting enough exercise,“ he said, adding that the need for Congress to act is urgent.

But Chertoff said the emphasis needs to change from how do we keep things confidential, and instead pass laws that focus on who controls the data once it’s been generated.

03.03.2019 - 17:07 [ Washington Post ]

China’s plan to organize its society relies on ‘big data’ to rate everyone

(22. Oktober 2016)

The ambition is to collect every scrap of information available online about China’s companies and citizens in a single place — and then assign each of them a score based on their political, commercial, social and legal “credit.”

The government hasn’t announced exactly how the plan will work — for example, how scores will be compiled and different qualities weighted against one another. But the idea is that good behavior will be rewarded and bad behavior punished, with the Communist Party acting as the ultimate judge.

03.03.2019 - 16:46 [ technode.com ]

Blacklists and redlists: How China’s Social Credit System actually works

(23.10.2018) The idea is simple: By keeping and aggregating records throughout the government’s various ministries and departments, Chinese officials can gain insight into how people behave and develop ways to control them.

The goal writes Rogier Creemers, a postdoctoral scholar specializing in the law and governance of China at Leiden University in The Netherlands, is “cybernetic” behavioral control, allowing individuals to be monitored and immediately confronted with the consequences of their actions. In so doing, authorities can enhance the county’s expanding surveillance apparatus.

03.03.2019 - 16:24 [ New York Times ]

Coming Soon to a Police Station Near You: The DNA ‘Magic Box’

(21.1.2019) The science-fiction future, in which police can swiftly identify robbers and murderers from discarded soda cans and cigarette butts, has arrived. In 2017, President Trump signed into law the Rapid DNA Act, which, starting this year, will enable approved police booking stations in several states to connect their Rapid DNA machines to Codis, the national DNA database. Genetic fingerprinting is set to become as routine as the old-fashioned kind.

03.03.2019 - 16:16 [ New York Times ]

F.B.I. and States Vastly Expand DNA Databases

(18. April 2009)

The F.B.I., with a DNA database of 6.7 million profiles, expects to accelerate its growth rate from 80,000 new entries a year to 1.2 million by 2012 — a 15-fold increase. F.B.I. officials say they expect DNA processing backlogs — which now stand at more than 500,000 cases — to increase.

Law enforcement officials say that expanding the DNA databanks to include legally innocent people will help solve more violent crimes.

03.03.2019 - 15:42 [ sciencemag.org ]

Genetic data on half a million Brits reveal ongoing evolution and Neanderthal legacy

(3.1.2019) At the same time, computational biologist Tony Capra at Vanderbilt University in Nashville had the same bright idea to search for Neanderthal DNA in a large database. He used proprietary electronic records of 28,000 Americans. His team was the first to publish, reporting Neanderthal DNA variants that raise the risk of depression, skin lesions, blood clots, and other disorders in people today.

03.03.2019 - 15:09 [ Human Rights Watch ]

China: Police DNA Database Threatens Privacy

(15.5.2017) The issue of DNA collection has received some press attention. In one case in Shandong province, police collected DNA from more than 5,000 male students in one college in October 2013. The students were given no explanation about why their information was taken, and many “did not understand nor felt comfortable about it.” When reached by journalists, the school said it was to cooperate with the police’s request to establish a database about migrant populations, but the police said it was to solve a number of theft cases on the campus.

03.03.2019 - 13:41 [ Washington Post ]

China has turned Xinjiang into a zone of repression — and a frightening window into the future

(23.2.2019) When George Orwell’s “1984” was published seven decades ago, it seemed a dire warning of a future dystopia ruled by thought police and authoritarian control. Today, such a world is becoming a reality in Xinjiang. We agree with human rights groups who have urged the United Nations Human Rights Council, when it meets starting Monday, to launch an international fact-finding mission to Xinjiang to expose this unsettling experiment in state control of human behavior.

03.03.2019 - 12:48 [ theRegister.co.uk ]

Met lab claims ‚biggest breakthrough since Watergate‘: Power lines act as police informers

(1.6.2010) ENF relies on frequency variations in the electricity supplied by the National Grid. Digital devices such as CCTV recorders, telephone recorders and camcorders that are plugged in to or located near the mains pick up these deviations in the power supply, which are caused by peaks and troughs in demand. Battery-powered devices are not immune to to ENF analysis, as grid frequency variations can be induced in their recordings from a distance.

At the Metropolitan Police’s digital forensics lab in Penge, south London, scientists have created a database that has recorded these deviations once every one and a half seconds for the last five years.