Avaza hosted a meeting of the heads of the competent economic authorities of Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkmenistan as part of the events of the Caspian Economic Forum.
(JUNE 3, 2000) Standing under an unforgiving sun in the courtyard of the ninth-century cathedral where Charlemagne is buried and where many Holy Roman emperors and German kings were crowned, Mr. Clinton told an audience of several hundred people that to do otherwise would destroy the vision of an undivided Continent.
Mr. Clinton delivered his speech after he was given the Charlemagne Award, which is given to a world leader who furthers the cause of European unity.
His original vision was for a world divided into only five states: a United States of Europe that would link continental countries with French and Italian possessions in Africa; a Pan-American Union encompassing North and South Americas; the British Commonwealth circling the globe; the USSR spanning Eurasia; and a Pan-Asian Union whereby Japan and China would control most of the Pacific. To him, the only hope for a Europe devastated by war was to federate along lines that the Hungarian-born Romanian Aurel Popovici and others had proposed for the dissolved multinational Empire of Austria-Hungary. According to Coudenhove-Kalergi, Pan-Europe would encompass and extend a more flexible and more competitive Austria-Hungary, with English serving as the world language, spoken by everyone in addition to their native tongue. He believed that individualism and socialism would learn to cooperate instead of compete, and urged that capitalism and communism cross-fertilise each other just as the Protestant Reformation had spurred the Catholic Church to regenerate itself.