Archiv: body data (biometrics)


12.11.2019 - 17:09 [ Techdirt ]

India Is Stifling Kashmir Journalists And Twitter Is Helping Get The Job Done

The Indian government has asked third party contractors to help it build a massive surveillance network utilizing thousands of cameras and the current cream of the facial recognition crop at the time of deployment. The whole thing needs to be in place less than 8 months after the contract is secured, suggesting the government is more than happy to move forward with whatever it has on hand rather than whatever might actually do the job well.

It’s also climbing the global censorship charts, trailing only Russia, China, and Turkey in various social media platform demographics. But it is the king of Facebook censorship, delivering more takedown demands to Facebook than closest rival, Russia. When you’re out-censoring Russia, you’re playing the censorship game right.

11.11.2019 - 17:54 [ Netzpolitik.org ]

NATO errichtet Biometriedatenbank nach Vorbild der USA

Das ABIS ermöglicht außerdem, einzelne Personen in eine sogenannte „Biometrically Enabled Watch List“ (BEWL) einzutragen. Die Warndatei kann mit Systemen von Polizeien oder Geheimdiensten verbunden werden und gibt einen Alarm aus, wenn die Betroffenen eine Grenze passieren oder in eine Polizeikontrolle geraten. Dieses System ist auch über mobile Geräte zum Abgleich von Fingerabdrücken, Iriden oder Gesichtern nutzbar.

11.11.2019 - 17:50 [ Netzpolitik.org ]

Bundespolizei speichert Bodycam-Aufnahmen weiter bei Amazon

Die Bundespolizei müsse den Einsatz der neuen Instrumente ausführlich dokumentieren und eine Evaluation dürfe nicht dem Bundespolizeipräsidium überlassen werden. Eine unabhängige, wissenschaftliche Bewertung durch eine externe Stelle ist laut Innenministerium aber nicht geplant und wird auch nicht als notwendig erachtet.

16.08.2019 - 06:44 [ New York Times ]

N.Y.P.D. Detectives Gave a Boy, 12, a Soda. He Landed in a DNA Database.

According to a 2013 survey, 30 states and the federal government permitted the analysis of DNA samples collected from individuals who are arrested or charged, but not convicted, of certain crimes. These databases generally did not include low-level offenders.

New York State law requires a conviction before someone’s DNA can be included in the state-operated DNA databank. But databases built by local authorities are not subject to the state rules.

07.08.2019 - 17:30 [ NewStatesman.com ]

The computer will see you now

“We started 20 years back. I didn’t even know we were doing AI then. It was only three or four years ago when someone said: ‘That’s whatyou’re doing.’”

02.08.2019 - 15:10 [ theCut.com ]

The Epstein Case: What Ever Happened to the Mysterious Nobel Prize Sperm Bank?

Wait — what?

While it sounds like something out of the movie Gattaca, the “Nobel Prize Sperm Bank” really was operational for 20 years, from 1979 to 1999, and based in Escondido, California. It was founded by the multimillionaire optometrist and inventor Robert Graham, an admirer of eugenics who believed the human race was getting progressively dumber and that the only way to stop it was by filling the world with the genetic descendants of Nobel Prize winners.

02.08.2019 - 14:59 [ New York Times ]

Jeffrey Epstein Hoped to Seed Human Race With His DNA

Mr. Epstein’s vision reflected his longstanding fascination with what has become known as transhumanism: the science of improving the human population through technologies like genetic engineering and artificial intelligence. Critics have likened transhumanism to a modern-day version of eugenics, the discredited field of improving the human race through controlled breeding.

26.07.2019 - 17:38 [ Cnet.com ]

Facial recognition may be banned from public housing thanks to proposed law

It’s the first time federal legislation has addressed limits on technology and tenants.

26.07.2019 - 17:36 [ WSJ Pro Artificial Intelligence / Twitter ]

Congresswomen from the „squad“ are set to propose a bill that would ban facial-recognition technology from HUD-funded housing

09.07.2019 - 05:44 [ Washington Post ]

FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches

Thousands of facial-recognition requests, internal documents and emails over the past five years, obtained through public-records requests by researchers with Georgetown Law’s Center on Privacy and Technology and provided to The Washington Post, reveal that federal investigators have turned state departments of motor vehicles databases into the bedrock of an unprecedented surveillance infrastructure.

Police have long had access to fingerprints, DNA and other “biometric data” taken from criminal suspects. But the DMV records contain the photos of a vast majority of a state’s residents, most of whom have never been charged with a crime.

02.07.2019 - 17:31 [ Truthout ]

As World Reliance on Biometric Technology Grows, So Does Opposition

One answer comes from EverAlbum.com, a Silicon Valley company that has sold millions of photos to the U.S. military and law enforcement agencies across the country. The pictures had been culled from unsuspecting people who’d paid EverAlbum to create photobooks for them — something that was billed as a way to share and commemorate meaningful family moments. None had consented to the sharing of their materials.

16.05.2019 - 16:01 [ Aaron Peskin, San Francisco Supervisor ‏/ Twitter ]

The success of San Francisco’s #FacialRecognition ban is owed to a vast grassroots coalition that has advocated for similar policies around the Bay Area for years. Thanks to @ACLU_NorCal @SecureJustice @CAIRSFBA @ColorOfChange @mediajustice and so many others who fought for this.

16.05.2019 - 15:58 [ DailyMail.co.uk ]

Big Brother Britain: Extraordinary moment police FINE pedestrian £90 for disorderly behaviour after he tries to cover his face from facial recognition camera on the streets of London

Officers set up the camera on a van in Romford, East London, which then cross-checked photos of faces of passers-by against a database of wanted criminals.

But one man was unimpressed about being filmed and covered his face with his hat and jacket, before being stopped by officers who took his picture anyway.

After being pulled aside, the man told police: ‚If I want to cover me face, I’ll cover me face. Don’t push me over when I’m walking down the street.‘

16.05.2019 - 15:56 [ TicToc by Bloomberg / Twitter ]

„It’s psychologically unhealthy,“ says Supervisor @AaronPeskin San Francisco has become the first U.S. city to ban police use of facial recognition tech

28.04.2019 - 03:04 [ Electronic Frontier Foundation ]

Skip the Surveillance By Opting Out of Face Recognition At Airports

Trading privacy for convenience is a bad bargain, and it can feel like the deal isn’t always one we have a choice in. DHS has said that the only way we can ensure that our biometric data isn’t collected when we travel is to “refrain from traveling.” That’s ridiculous. The time to regulate and restrict the use of facial recognition technology is now, before it becomes embedded in our everyday lives. We must keep fighting to make sure that in the future, it gets easier, and not harder, to defend our privacy—biometric or otherwise.

31.03.2019 - 18:38 [ ForeignPolicy.com ]

U.S. Firms Are Helping Build China’s Orwellian State

(19.3.2019) When a Dutch cybersecurity researcher disclosed last month that Chinese security contractor SenseNets left a massive facial recognition database tracking the movements of over 2.5 million people in China’s Xinjiang province unsecured on the internet, it briefly shone a spotlight on the alarming scope of the Chinese surveillance state.

But SenseNets is a symptom of a much larger phenomenon: Tech firms in the United States are lending expertise, reputational credence, and even technology to Chinese surveillance companies, wittingly or otherwise.

06.03.2019 - 14:09 [ cnet.com ]

Google looks to leave passwords behind for a billion Android devices

(25.2.2019) Google and the Fast Identity Online Alliance said Monday that Android is now FIDO2-certified, meaning its devices can use fingerprints and security keys for logging in to accounts instead of passwords. The certification was unveiled at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Spain.

06.03.2019 - 14:03 [ Wikipedia ]

FIDO Alliance

FIDO supports a full range of authentication technologies, including biometrics such as fingerprint and iris scanners, voice and facial recognition, as well as existing solutions and communications standards, such as Trusted Platform Modules (TPM), USB security tokens, embedded Secure Elements (eSE), smart cards, and near field communication (NFC).[2] The USB security token device may be used to authenticate using a simple password (e.g. four-digit PIN) or by pressing a button.

06.03.2019 - 14:00 [ theRegister.co.uk ]

Microsoft: You looking at me funny? Oh, you just want to sign in

(21.11.2018) Microsoft’s corporate veep of all things identity, Alex Simons, trumpeted that the 800 million people who use a Microsoft account will now be able to sign in without username or password.

06.03.2019 - 13:54 [ cbronline.com ]

Android Gets FIDO2 Support: Death to Passwords?

(28.2.2019) The FIDO2 standard comprises the World Wide Web Consortium’s (W3C) Web Authentication specification and the corresponding Client to Authenticator Protocol (CTAP) from FIDO Alliance. Together these initiatives create an ecosystem of compliant devices that can easily authenticate themselves to online services.

03.03.2019 - 17:40 [ Forbes ]

China Goes ‚1984‘ While America Goes ‚Brave New World‘–But What’s Next?

(11.7.2018)

Postman’s key point was that Big Brother didn’t need to bother watching John Doe or controlling him, because John Doe probably was already willing to be controlled by forces that rendered him harmless to Big Brother. Postman argued that Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World was more prescient than Orwell’s 1984, because in his book Huxley portrayed a citizenry perfectly willing to give up its most sacred possessions for trivial things.

03.03.2019 - 17:32 [ Steven Kaufman / Entrepreneur.com ]

‚Social Credit‘ Tech Is Coming: 5 Ways for U.S. Entrepreneurs to Capitalize

(12.10.2018)

This may all sound frightening, but a system devised by human beings to control others can also be controlled, if you know what you’re doing. If you’re a true entrepreneur, then you see the opportunity in every social evolution. And big changes mean even bigger opportunities. Are you ready?

03.03.2019 - 17:27 [ Daily Caller ]

Democratic 2020 Candidate Wants Government-Sponsored ‘Social Credit’ System Comparable To China’s

(17.11.2018)

New York entrepreneur and Democratic 2020 candidate Andrew Yang wants to implement a system in which a government-run mobile app rewards Americans with “digital social credits” (DSCs) for good behavior.

Americans would receive DSCs under Yang’s system for things such as “participating in a town fair,” “fixing a neighbor’s appliance” or “tutoring a student,” his presidential campaign website explains.

03.03.2019 - 17:22 [ Phys.org - News and Articles on Science and Technology ]

Is China’s social credit system really the dystopian sci-fi scenario that many fear?

(6.12.2018)

To use Jamie Horsley’s argument in Foreign Policy, „China’s Orwellian social credit score isn’t real…There is no such thing as a national ’social credit score‘.“

Apart from the (negative) political implications of the work-in-progress social credit system, we should also consider the economic implication of such a system.

03.03.2019 - 17:16 [ Digitaltrends.com ]

We’re closer to China’s disturbing ‘Social Credit System’ than you realize

In addition to more mundane areas like whether you pay your community charge on time, the system’s reputational algorithm will also factor in your choice of online friends. That person who complains about how the government is doing its job could suddenly cost you some serious social cred. Befriend too many wrongthinkers and you could quickly find yourself classed as a wrongthinker too.

03.03.2019 - 17:12 [ fox11online.com ]

Social Credit System being tested in China; could the U.S. be next?

(11.2.2019) „We’re beginning to see it already where insurance companies affect your premium based on whether you’re eating healthy, getting a good night’s sleep or getting enough exercise,“ he said, adding that the need for Congress to act is urgent.

But Chertoff said the emphasis needs to change from how do we keep things confidential, and instead pass laws that focus on who controls the data once it’s been generated.

03.03.2019 - 17:07 [ Washington Post ]

China’s plan to organize its society relies on ‘big data’ to rate everyone

(22. Oktober 2016)

The ambition is to collect every scrap of information available online about China’s companies and citizens in a single place — and then assign each of them a score based on their political, commercial, social and legal “credit.”

The government hasn’t announced exactly how the plan will work — for example, how scores will be compiled and different qualities weighted against one another. But the idea is that good behavior will be rewarded and bad behavior punished, with the Communist Party acting as the ultimate judge.

03.03.2019 - 16:46 [ technode.com ]

Blacklists and redlists: How China’s Social Credit System actually works

(23.10.2018) The idea is simple: By keeping and aggregating records throughout the government’s various ministries and departments, Chinese officials can gain insight into how people behave and develop ways to control them.

The goal writes Rogier Creemers, a postdoctoral scholar specializing in the law and governance of China at Leiden University in The Netherlands, is “cybernetic” behavioral control, allowing individuals to be monitored and immediately confronted with the consequences of their actions. In so doing, authorities can enhance the county’s expanding surveillance apparatus.

03.03.2019 - 16:24 [ New York Times ]

Coming Soon to a Police Station Near You: The DNA ‘Magic Box’

(21.1.2019) The science-fiction future, in which police can swiftly identify robbers and murderers from discarded soda cans and cigarette butts, has arrived. In 2017, President Trump signed into law the Rapid DNA Act, which, starting this year, will enable approved police booking stations in several states to connect their Rapid DNA machines to Codis, the national DNA database. Genetic fingerprinting is set to become as routine as the old-fashioned kind.

03.03.2019 - 15:09 [ Human Rights Watch ]

China: Police DNA Database Threatens Privacy

(15.5.2017) The issue of DNA collection has received some press attention. In one case in Shandong province, police collected DNA from more than 5,000 male students in one college in October 2013. The students were given no explanation about why their information was taken, and many “did not understand nor felt comfortable about it.” When reached by journalists, the school said it was to cooperate with the police’s request to establish a database about migrant populations, but the police said it was to solve a number of theft cases on the campus.

03.03.2019 - 13:41 [ Washington Post ]

China has turned Xinjiang into a zone of repression — and a frightening window into the future

(23.2.2019) When George Orwell’s “1984” was published seven decades ago, it seemed a dire warning of a future dystopia ruled by thought police and authoritarian control. Today, such a world is becoming a reality in Xinjiang. We agree with human rights groups who have urged the United Nations Human Rights Council, when it meets starting Monday, to launch an international fact-finding mission to Xinjiang to expose this unsettling experiment in state control of human behavior.

22.02.2019 - 14:01 [ New York Times ]

China Uses DNA to Track Its People, With the Help of American Expertise

Chinese government researchers contributed the data of 2,143 Uighurs to the Allele Frequency Database, an online search platform run by Dr. Kidd that was partly funded by the United States Department of Justice until last year. The database, known as Alfred, contains DNA data from more than 700 populations around the world.